Predictors of HIV stigma among health workers in the Cape Coast metropolis, Ghana

  • James Prah | james.prah@ucc.edu.gh University Hospital of Cape Coast, University of Cape Coast, Ghana.
  • Anna Hayfron-Benjamin Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health and Allied Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Ghana.
  • Mohammed Abdulai University Hospital of Cape Coast, University of Cape Coast, Ghana.
  • Obed Lasim Department of Health Information Management, College of Health and Allied Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Ghana.
  • Yvonne Nartey Department of Internal Medicine, Cape Coast Teaching Hospital, Cape Coast, Ghana.
  • Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health and Allied Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Ghana.

Abstract

Stigma against people living with HIV (PLHIV) among health workers remains a barrier to the provision of needed care to HIV patients worldwide. We sought to investigate predictors of HIV stigma among health workers in Cape Coast, Ghana. This was a cross sectional study conducted in three hospitals from November 2016 to February 2017. The study made use of a pre-existing self-administered questionnaire. Multiple regression analysis and Pearson’s coefficient tests were performed to determine the relationship between the dependent variable, i.e. the stigmatized attitudes of health workers, and some independent variables, and to determine which of the independent variables predict stigma amongst health care workers. A total of 331 health workers of different categories participated. Respondents’ personal opinions on HIV, fears/worries of getting infected and category of staff {F(3,327)= 23.934 P<0.00}, R2 = 0.180) significantly predicted their stigmatizing behaviour. Compared to other health workers, nurses had higher scores for stigmatizing behaviour. The study found evidence of discriminatory and stigmatizing behaviour towards PLHIV by health workers. Stigma reduction programmes aimed at health workers should be strengthened at all health facilities that provide care to PLHIV.

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Published
2020-04-29
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Original Articles
Keywords:
Stigma, Discrimination, PLHIV, Cape Coast, Ghana
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How to Cite
Prah, J., Hayfron-Benjamin, A., Abdulai, M., Lasim, O., Nartey, Y., & Obiri-Yeboah, D. (2020). Predictors of HIV stigma among health workers in the Cape Coast metropolis, Ghana. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2020.1020