Prevalence and factors associated with hypertension in Anonkoi 3, a peri-urban area in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire)
Hypertension affects more than a quarter of the world adult population, with ruralurban disparities. In Côte d’Ivoire, the prevalence was 21.7% in 2005. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with hypertension in a peri-urban community in Abidjan. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Anonkoi 3 a peri-urban area in Abidjan. The sample was of 360 subjects aged 18 and older. Behavioral, anthropometric and blood pressure characteristics were determined using WHO STEPS questionnaire and multivariate logistic regression was performed. Prevalence of hypertension was 18.61%. Subjects were low fruit and vegetable consumption (3.3%), low level of physical activity (64.2%) and abdominal obesity at 40%. The risk of hypertension was significant from age 45, in subjects living with a partner and in those with low level of physical activity. Health education programs are essential to prevent cardiovascular risks.
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