Prevalence and factors associated with hypertension in Anonkoi 3, a peri-urban area in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire)

  • Julie K. Sackou | juliekouakou77@gmail.com Department of Public Health, Hydrology and Toxicology, UFR Pharmacy, Abidjan; National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Marie L. Tiadé Department of Public Health, Hydrology and Toxicology, UFR Pharmacy, Abidjan; Laboratory of Hygiene, National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Annita A. Hounsa Department of Public Health, Hydrology and Toxicology, UFR Pharmacy, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Simone K. Malik Department of Public Health, Hydrology and Toxicology, UFR Pharmacy, Abidjan; National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Madikiny Coulibaly Department of Public Health, Hydrology and Toxicology, UFR Pharmacy, Abidjan; National Institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Angèle A. Desquith Department of Public Health, Hydrology and Toxicology, UFR Pharmacy, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Florence K. Kadjo Department of Public Health, Hydrology and Toxicology, UFR Pharmacy, Abidjan; Laboratory of Hygiene, National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Serge A. Agoua Faculty of Medical Sciences of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Serge Oga Department of Public Health, Hydrology and Toxicology, UFR Pharmacy, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Luc K. Kouadio Department of Public Health, Hydrology and Toxicology, UFR Pharmacy, Abidjan; Laboratory of Hygiene, National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

Abstract

Hypertension affects more than a quarter of the world adult population, with ruralurban disparities. In Côte d’Ivoire, the prevalence was 21.7% in 2005. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with hypertension in a peri-urban community in Abidjan. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Anonkoi 3 a peri-urban area in Abidjan. The sample was of 360 subjects aged 18 and older. Behavioral, anthropometric and blood pressure characteristics were determined using WHO STEPS questionnaire and multivariate logistic regression was performed. Prevalence of hypertension was 18.61%. Subjects were low fruit and vegetable consumption (3.3%), low level of physical activity (64.2%) and abdominal obesity at 40%. The risk of hypertension was significant from age 45, in subjects living with a partner and in those with low level of physical activity. Health education programs are essential to prevent cardiovascular risks.

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Published
2020-03-20
Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
Hypertension, prevalence, risk factor
Statistics
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How to Cite
Sackou, J., Tiadé, M., Hounsa, A., Malik, S., Coulibaly, M., Desquith, A., Kadjo, F., Agoua, S., Oga, S., & Kouadio, L. (2020). Prevalence and factors associated with hypertension in Anonkoi 3, a peri-urban area in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire). Journal of Public Health in Africa, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2019.1106