Original Research

Development of an infectious disease prevention behavior model for public health center workers in a rural area of Indonesia

Eneng Linda Ardiani, Risky Kusuma Hartono
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 2 | a324 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2405 | © 2024 Eneng Linda Ardiani, Risky Kusuma Hartono | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 April 2024 | Published: 07 December 2022

About the author(s)

Eneng Linda Ardiani, Department of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia
Risky Kusuma Hartono, Department of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia Maju, Indonesia


The Infection Prevention Behavior (IPB) for health personnel at the Surade Public Health Center has not reached the target. The purpose of this study was to develop the IPB model for health personnel which is suitable to be applied in rural areas in Indonesia. The model was developed through a literature review from online journal database in the last 10 years. The model was tested using a cross-sectional design by the Structural Equation Model Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS). Six selected variables had direct and indirect influences on the IPB of health personnel. They were supervision (27.50%), facilities (9.87%), training (10.44%), compensation (16.97%), work climate (10.78%), and work motivation (8.15%). The model was valid and significant. The Q2 showed 95.7% which mean 95.7% of the components in the model could be applied to other Public Health Centers in the rural area. The development of IPB models for health personnel which was measured from the direct and indirect effects of six variables proved valid and significant to help achievement Public Health Center reach the target of protecting health workers from infectious diseases.


infection prevention behavior; health personnel; public health center; rural area; supervision; SEM-PLS


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