Original Research

Death risk among COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus

Dahlia Dahlia, Kurnia Dwi Artanti, Arief Hargono, Santi Martini, Nayla Mohamed Gomaa Nasr, Chung-Yi Li
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 2 | a381 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2399 | © 2024 Dahlia Dahlia, Kurnia Dwi Artanti, Arief Hargono, Santi Martini, Nayla Mohamed Gomaa Nasr, Chung-Yi Li | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 April 2024 | Published: 07 December 2022

About the author(s)

Dahlia Dahlia, Student of Bachelor Program of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Kurnia Dwi Artanti, Division of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Arief Hargono, Division of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Santi Martini, Division of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Nayla Mohamed Gomaa Nasr, Doctoral candidate at the University of Debrecen, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Debrecen, Indonesia
Chung-Yi Li, Division of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia; Department of Public Health, National Cheng Kung University, Indonesia

Abstract

Deaths from COVID-19 are increasing in patients with comorbidities. One of the most common comorbidities is diabetes mellitus. The researchers wanted to see how having diabetes affected the mortality rate of COVID-19 participants. This investigation is a case control observational analytical study. Different types of people, called “cases,” and “controls,” complete the research sample. Each group had 68 responders, for a grand total of 136. Medical records from COVID-19 patients treated at Airlangga University Hospital, Surabaya, between March 2020 and September 2021 serve as the study’s secondary data source. The purpose of this study’s data analysis is to calculate an odds ratio. Patients with COVID-19 with concomitant diabetes mellitus had an increased risk of death, and this risk increased with age, gender, and COVID-19 symptoms. In contrast, education, occupation, and laboratory results were not significantly related to mortality among COVID-19 individuals with concomitant diabetes mellitus (GDA status). The results of this study show that COVID-19 patients with concomitant diabetes mellitus are at a higher risk of death if they are over the age of 65, if they are male, and if they have severe symptoms.


Keywords

age; COVID-19; death; diabetes mellitus; men

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