Original Research

Depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate: lipid profile changes and associated cardiovascular risks among recipients in Sagamu, South West Nigeria

Oluwaseyi Odelola, Adebay Akadri
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 14, No 11 | a53 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.1664 | © 2024 Oluwaseyi Odelola, Adebay Akadri | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 March 2024 | Published: 30 November 2023

About the author(s)

Oluwaseyi Odelola, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria; and, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Nigeria
Adebay Akadri, epartment of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Nigeria

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Abstract

Depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) is a highly efficient form of long-acting reversible contraception. The use of DMPA has been linked to changes in lipid profile, although there is much controversy on the extent of these effects. Therefore, the objective of this investigation is to ascertain the impact of DMPA on the lipid profile and the corresponding cardiovascular hazards. Methods: This study was a forward-looking investigation carried out in the family planning clinic of Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital Sagamu, Ogun State. A total of sixty-eight individuals who recently started using DMPA had their blood samples taken to assess their lipid profile at the beginning of DMPA use, as well as at 3 months and 6 months thereafter. The data were analyzed utilizing SPSS version 24. Results: After 3 months of using DMPA, there was a significant increase in the concentration of Total Cholesterol (TC) in the blood (p=0.022), as well as a significant increase in the concentration of Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) (p=0.033). There was a non-significant increase in the concentration of Triglycerides (TG) (p=0.150) and a non-significant decrease in the concentration of Higher Density Lipoprotein (HDL) (p=0.076). Nevertheless, following 6 months of DMPA usage, there was a statistically significant rise in serum TC concentration (p=0.002), serum LDL concentration (p=0.003), serum TG concentration (p=0.001), and a substantial decline in serum HDL concentration (p=0.001). Conclusion: The use of DMPA is linked to elevated levels of blood TC, TG, and LDL, as well as a decrease in HDL after 6 months of treatment. These alterations in lipid profile may elevate the susceptibility to cardiovascular illnesses.

Keywords

Contraceptive; Cardiovascular disease; Depotmedro-xyprogesterone acetate; Family planning; Lipid profile

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