Chronic diseases of lifestyle risk factor profiles of a South African rural community


Submitted: 20 December 2018
Accepted: 28 April 2021
Published: 18 June 2021
Abstract Views: 2787
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Globally, chronic diseases of lifestyle account for millions of dollars spent annually on health. These diseases share similar risk factors including: physical inactivity, obesity, cigarette smoking, and hypertension among others. This study sought to assess risk factors for chronic diseases of lifestyle of a rural community in South Africa. This study used a survey design with data randomly collected using the WHO STEPS Instrument for Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance from participants who attended routine checks from February to October 2018 from a trained healthcare practitioner. Informed consent was sought from all participants before the administration of the instrument. The research setting was the community Primary Health Center. About 54.0% of participants presented with no family history of hypertension but 19.7% had a family history of type II diabetes mellitus. More women were found to be hypertensive, with the majority (93.4%) monitoring their blood pressure. The study revealed that more men were current smokers. A large number of participants were engaged in a sedentary lifestyle with about one-third of the participants reported being obese. Physical inactivity, sedentary lifestyle, and hypertension were among the lifestyle-related risk factors for chronic diseases among residents of this rural community.


Akindele, M. O. ., & Useh, U. . (2021). Chronic diseases of lifestyle risk factor profiles of a South African rural community. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2021.1006

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