Oral epidemiological profile of patients attending public oral health services in Haut Sassandra region, in Côte d’Ivoire


Submitted: 2 March 2019
Accepted: 1 August 2019
Published: 20 March 2020
Abstract Views: 608
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Authors

  • Guanga David Meless Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Jean-Claude Guinan Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Abou Dramane Sangaré Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Koffi Syvain N’Guessan Department of prothesis, UFROS, UFHB, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Koffi Lazare Kouakou Daloa Regional Hospital Center, Haut Sassandra Region, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Viviane Da-Danho Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Atta Sebastien Datté Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • N’Zébo Marcellin Nouaman Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Asse Marie Anita Amangoua Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Mamadou Samba Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Ramata Bakayoko-Ly Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

The objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine the type of care that can be achieved and the epidemiological profile of patients attending the 3 public dental practices in the Haut-Sassandra region, in Côte d’Ivoire. The data collection concerned socio-demographic characteristics, reason for consultation, oral hygiene, dental condition, malocclusions and the availability of equipment for the performance of procedures. The 400 patients observed (51.5% male) were aged 16.0 to 86.0 years (mean=35.5 years; SD=13.1 years). The main reasons for consultation were pain (91.5%) and aesthetics (23.5%). Oral hygiene was insufficient for 36.8% of subjects. Oral conditions were malocclusions (12.8%), caries (98.7%) and edentulous (65.7%) with only 11.8% with prosthesis. The average DMFT index was 9.3. Only extractions and resin attached prostheses were possible in all 3 health facilities. Preventive dentistry (sealent, fluoridation), dentofacial orthopedics and implantology were not available in any dental practice. The most frequently performed acts were extractions (74.5%). The results of this study highlight the need for oral health planning with service equipment and awareness among populations who shouldn’t wait until they are in pain to consult.


Meless, G. D., Guinan, J.-C., Sangaré, A. D., N’Guessan, K. S., Kouakou, K. L., Da-Danho, V., Datté, A. S., Nouaman, N. M., Amangoua, A. M. A., Samba, M., & Bakayoko-Ly, R. (2020). Oral epidemiological profile of patients attending public oral health services in Haut Sassandra region, in Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2019.1064

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