Knowledge and practices among healthcare workers regarding dengue in Togo
Accepted: 25 April 2022
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
In Togo where malaria is endemic, because main signs of malaria and dengue are similar, the use of malarial drugs first could contribute to a delay in the diagnosis of dengue and the dissemination of the disease. Thus, it is important that healthcare workers (HCW) have a good knowledge of these diseases. To assess the knowledge, and practices regarding dengue infection among HCW in Togo. A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2020 to March 2021 among HCW in Togo. A pre-tested digital questionnaire was used for data collection. Based on clinical signs of dengue, preventive measures, infection type and disease type, a knowledge score was constructed with eight questions. A total of 334 HCW with median age 32 years, IQR:(28-38) responded to the survey and the sex ratio male/female was 5.9. The majority (94.0%) of HCW have heard about dengue through training (73.3%), internet (38.0%) and media (33.2%). Compared with lower executive HCW, senior manager were more knowledgeable about the causative agent, the symptoms and preventive methods of dengue infection (p<0.001). Globally, good knowledge (score ≥6) about dengue was found for 47.1% of HCW. More than 9 out of 10 HCW (91.3%) reported the lack of dengue diagnostic tools. Providing health structures with dengue diagnostic tools and training health personnel in their use in any febrile patient with a negative or positive malaria test would help prevent dengue epidemic.
Halstead SB. Dengue. Lancet [Internet]. 2007 Nov 10 [cited 2020 Jul 14];370(9599):1644–52. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140673607616870
World Health Organization (WHO). Dengue guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control : new edition [Internet]. Geneva; 2009 [cited 2020 Jul 8]. Available from: www.who.int/tdr
Akoua-Koffi CG, Akran V, Faye O, Grandadam M, Ekaza E, Kouassi KS, et al. Yellow Fever and Dengue Fever Serotype 3 Viruses Cocirculation in Côte d’Ivoire in 2008. African J Pathol Microbiol. 2014;3:1–5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4303/ajpm/235834
Gubler DJ. The Global Emergence/Resurgence of Arboviral Diseases As Public Health Problems. Arch Med Res [Internet]. 2002 Jul 1 [cited 2019 Oct 9];33(4):330–42. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0188440902003788
World Health Organization (WHO). Global strategy for dengue prevention and control 2012-2020 [Internet]. WHO/Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, editor. 2012 [cited 2020 Jul 8]. vi, 43. Available from: www.who.int/neglected_diseases/en
World Health Organization (WHO). Dengue and severe dengue [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 Jul 8]. Available from: https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dengue-and-severe-dengue
Institut National de Veille Sanitaire (INVS). Rapport annuel 2007 [Internet]. France: Direction de l’information légale et administrative; 2007 [cited 2019 Oct 9]. Available from: https://www.ladocumentationfrancaise.fr/rapports-publics/084000393/index.shtml
Leport Catherine, Guégan Jean-François. Les maladies infectieuses émergentes : état de la situation et perspectives [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2019 Oct 9]. Available from: https://www.hcsp.fr/Explore.cgi/avisrapportsdomaine?clefr=213
Franco L, di Caro A, Carletti F, Vapalahti O, Renaudat C, Zeller H, et al. Recent expansion of dengue virus serotype 3 in West Africa. Eurosurveillance [Internet]. 2010 Feb 18 [cited 2021 Mar 25];15(7):1–4. Available from: https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/ese.15.07.19490-en
Amarasinghe A, Kuritsky JN, William Letson G, Margolis HS. Dengue virus infection in Africa. Emerg Infect Dis [Internet]. 2011 Aug [cited 2020 Jul 13];17(8):1349–54. Available from: /pmc/articles/PMC3381573/?report=abstract
Were F. The dengue situation in Africa. Paediatr Int Child Health [Internet]. 2012 May 12 [cited 2019 Oct 9];32(sup1):18–21. Available from: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1179/2046904712Z.00000000048
Tang KF, Ooi EE. Diagnosis of dengue: an update. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther [Internet]. 2012 Aug 10 [cited 2020 Jul 17];10(8):895–907. Available from: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1586/eri.12.76
Stephenson JR. The problem with dengue. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg [Internet]. 2005 Sep 1 [cited 2021 Mar 25];99(9):643–6. Available from: https://academic.oup.com/trstmh/article-lookup/doi/10.1016/j.trstmh.2005.05.003
Jain S, Mishra MK, Gupta SK, Agrawal SS, Shukla US. Knowledge, Attitude and Preventive Practices about Dengue Fever among nursing student of tertiary care hospital. J Evol Med Dent Sci [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2020 Nov 13];3(6):1481–8. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260749164
Yusuf AM, Ibrahim NA. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards dengue fever prevention and associated factors among public health sector health-care professionals: In Dire Dawa, eastern Ethiopia. Risk Manag Healthc Policy [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2020 Nov 13];12:91–104. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31239796/
Saringe S, Kajeguka DC, Kagirwa DD, Mgabo MR, Emidi B. Healthcare workers knowledge and diagnostic practices: A need for dengue and chikungunya training in Moshi Municipality, Kilimanjaro Tanzania. BMC Res Notes. 2019 Jan 18;12(1).
Zamri SNZBM, Rahman NAA, Haque M. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding dengue among kuantan medical campus students of international islamic university of Malaysia. Bangladesh J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020 Jan 16 [cited 2020 Nov 13];19(2):245–53. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v19i2.45003 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v19i2.45003
Senn N, Luang-Suarkia D, Manong D, Siba PM, McBride WJH. Contribution of dengue fever to the burden of acute febrile illnesses in Papua New Guinea: An age-specific prospective study. Am J Trop Med Hyg [Internet]. 2011 Jul 1 [cited 2020 Jul 16];85(1):132–7. Available from: http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0482
Mohapatra M, Patra P, Agrawala R. Manifestation and outcome of concurrent malaria and dengue infection. J Vector Borne Dis [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2020 Jul 16];49(4):262–5. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235689210
Idoko MO, Ado SA, Umoh VJ. Prevalence of Dengue Virus and Malaria in patients with febrile complaints in Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria. Br Microbiol Res J [Internet]. 2015 Apr 10 [cited 2020 Jul 14];343–7. Available from: https://www.journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI/article/view/5562
Kouadio DE, Djibril C, Damus PK, Yao LK, Daouda C, Youssouf T, et al. Determinants of practices for dengue diagnosis among healthcare professionals working in public hospitals of Abidjan, Cote dIvoire. J Public Heal Epidemiol [Internet]. 2017 Aug 31 [cited 2021 Jan 25];9(8):212–8. Available from: http://www.academicjournals.org/JPHE
Shueai Al Awfi M, AL Sharabi BA, Al Alimi A, Abdo Abkar M. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices regarding Dengue Fever in a cohort of nursing Students. J Adv Med Med Res [Internet]. 2019 Mar 30 [cited 2020 Nov 13];29(3):1–9. Available from: https://www.journaljammr.com/index.php/JAMMR/article/view/30073
Huang H, Chiu T, Huang K, Cheng S, Yao C, Lee L. Travel‐Related Mosquito‐Transmitted Disease Questionnaire Survey among Health Professionals in Taiwan. J Travel Med [Internet]. 2011 Jan 1 [cited 2021 Apr 21];18(1):34–8. Available from: https://academic.oup.com/jtm/article-lookup/doi/10.1111/j.1708-8305.2010.00483.x
Thaver AM, Sobani ZA, Qazi F, Khan M, Zafar A, Beg MA. Assessing the need for training: General practitioners’ knowledge, attitude and practice concerning dengue and malaria in Karachi, Pakistan. Int Health [Internet]. 2011 Jun 1 [cited 2021 Mar 25];3(2):126–30. Available from: https://academic.oup.com/inthealth/article-lookup/doi/10.1016/j.inhe.2011.03.001
Ho TS, Huang MC, Wang SM, Hsu HC, Liu CC. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of dengue disease among healthcare professionals in southern Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc. 2013 Jan 1;112(1):18–23.
Lee LK, Thein TL, Kurukularatne C, Gan VC, Lye DC, Leo YS. Dengue Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices among Primary Care Physicians in Singapore. Ann Acad Med. 2011;40(12):533–8.
Kajeguka DC, Desrochers RE, Mwangi R, Mgabo MR, Alifrangis M, Kavishe RA, et al. Knowledge and practice regarding dengue and chikungunya: a cross-sectional study among Healthcare workers and community in Northern Tanzania. Trop Med Int Heal [Internet]. 2017 May 1 [cited 2021 Mar 2];22(5):583–93. Available from: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/tmi.12863
Alrajhi IM, Hijri Y, Alrajhi A, Sahluli SM, Alrajhi IM. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding Dengue Fever among Primary Health Care Workers (PHCWS) in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. 2020 [cited 2021 Jan 14]; Available from: https://doi.org/10.24941/ijcr.39553.09.2020
Shuaib F, Todd D, Campbell-Stennett D, Ehiri J, Jolly PE. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices regarding dengue infection in Westmoreland, Jamaica. West Indian Med J [Internet]. 2010 Mar [cited 2021 Apr 20];59(2):139–46. Available from: /pmc/articles/PMC2996104/
Dhimal M, Aryal KK, Dhimal ML, Gautam I, Singh SP, Bhusal CL, et al. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding Dengue Fever among the Healthy Population of Highland and Lowland Communities in Central Nepal. Halsey ES, editor. PLoS One [Internet]. 2014 Jul 9 [cited 2021 Apr 20];9(7):e102028. Available from: https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102028
Copyright (c) 2022 Wendpouiré Ida Carine Zida-Compaore, Fifonsi Adjidossi Gbeasor-Komlanvi, Martin Kouame Tchankoni, Arnold Junior Sadio, Yao Rodion Konu, Amegnona Agbonon, Didier Koumavi Ekouevi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
PAGEPress has chosen to apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.