Chemical vs. natural toothpaste: which formulas for which properties? A scoping review


Submitted: 11 June 2021
Accepted: 25 April 2022
Published: 21 September 2022
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Authors

  • Aida Kanouté Public Health Service, Institute of Dentistry and Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal.
  • Serigne Ndame Dieng Public Health Service, Institute of Dentistry and Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal.
  • Mbathio Diop Public Health Service, Institute of Dentistry and Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal.
  • Amadou Dieng Public Health Service, Institute of Dentistry and Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal.
  • Ayotollah Khoumeyni Sene Oral service District of Kaffrine Ministry of Health and Social Action, Dakar, Senegal.
  • Massamba Diouf Public Health Service, Institute of Dentistry and Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal.
  • Cheikh Mbacké Lo Public Health Service, Institute of Dentistry and Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal.
  • Daouda Faye Public Health Service, Institute of Dentistry and Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal.
  • Florence Carrouel Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Aïda Kanouté Public Health Service Institute of Dentistry and Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry Cheikh Anta Diop, Laboratory Systemic Health Pathway, UR University of Lyon 1, Senegal.

Introduction. The proliferation of the oral care industry has made it more challenging for shoppers to zero in on the best possible toothpaste for their preventative requirements. It also makes the toothpaste’s various components safer. Objective. The researchers set out to evaluate the state of information about the biological properties and cytotoxicity of adult toothpaste so that they might make some informed recommendations.
Methods. A scoping review of research published between 2015 and 2020 according to PRISMA guidelines was performed.
Results. In vitro clinical trials account for 44% of the papers, in vivo clinical trials for 25%, systematic reviews for 19%, and metaanalyses for 12%. They have active chemical components that have been shown to be antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, or desensitizing. Herbal toothpaste has these characteristics and is very secure to use. Toothpaste with sodium lauryl sulfate has been found to be harmful.
Conclusions. Scientists have investigated the biological effects of a wide range of chemically active compounds and plant extracts. Herbal toothpaste, it has been discovered, is both efficient and secure. Companies making toothpaste should be required to clearly label the product’s qualities, active ingredients, and potentially harmful ingredients on the packaging.


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