Effectiveness and impact of Covid-19 response and vaccination challenges in Namibia: a systematic review


  • Omotayo Rafiu Awofolu Namibia University Of Science and Technology, Windhoek, Namibia
  • Andrew Niikondo Namibia University Of Science and Technology, Windhoek, Namibia




Pandemic, SARS-CoV-2, Virus, Public Health, Respiratory Droplets


Introduction: Namibia, like several countries globally, is currently grappling with the severe repercussions of the Covid-19 pandemic on its economy, psycho-social connections, and overall public well-being. These nations have implemented multiple steps to mitigate the transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes severe acute respiratory syndrome. Namibia implemented measures to mitigate the transmission and mortality caused by the virus. The nature and execution tactics of Public Health regulations significantly affect the prevention of the spread and reduction of mortality caused by the virus.

Objective: This article provides a comprehensive analysis on the efficacy and consequences of Public Health measures implemented by the Health Authority to mitigate the spread of covid-19 among the general population.

Method: The review employed the elements of the PRISMA technique to synthesize data on a specific area of focus. We utilized several resources, including Scopus, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, World Health Organization, and the Ministry of Health and Social Services of Namibia (MoHSS), to gather comprehensive information on covid-19.

Observation: The country experienced a consistent rise in Covid-19 cases, with an average daily increase of eleven (11) infections, until June 2021. The highest rate was associated with densely inhabited areas of Erongo and Khomas. The control methods implemented for infection prevention and vaccination campaign were largely ineffectual due to widespread misunderstanding.

Conclusion: To effectively limit the spread of the virus and save lives, it is necessary to adopt a new approach that involves improved communication and engagement with the local population.

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How to Cite

Awofolu, O. R., & Niikondo, A. (2024). Effectiveness and impact of Covid-19 response and vaccination challenges in Namibia: a systematic review. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(12). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2094




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