Antibiotic consumption history of patients in a referred laboratory in Yaounde

Authors

  • Daniele Sandra Yopa Demen Department of Public Health, University of Yaounde I
  • Emmanuel Nnanga Nga Department of Pharmacology, University of Yaounde I
  • Claude Stephan Ohandza Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Fann University Teaching Hospital, Dakar
  • Hortense Gonsu Kamga Department of Microbiology-Parasitology-Hematology, University of Yaounde I
  • Olive Nathalie Kouamen Njikeu Department of Microbiology-Parasitology-Hematology, University of Yaounde I
  • Georges Nguefack-Tsague Department of Public Health, University of Yaounde I

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2104

Keywords:

Antibiotic consumption, antimicrobial resistance, Yaounde

Abstract

Background. Regulation of antibiotic prescription and consumption remains a major public health burden in low- and middle- income countries.
Objective. This study aimed to describe the antibiotic consumption of patients who had a positive antibiotic culture in a reference laboratory.
Methods. A retrospective descriptive study was conducted among 113 participants with positive antibiograms with a documented history of antibiotics intake at the Yaoundé University Teaching Hospital in Cameroon between January 2016 and June 2021. Data were stored and analyzed using the Census and Survey Processing System version 7.3 and Statistical Package for Social Science version 25.0. Descriptive statistics were used to estimate the indicators.
Results. Of the 113 patients enrolled, 105 had a history of drug use; 56 participants (53.3%) had taken at least 2 antibiotics prior to sampling. Cephalosporins were the most consumed antibiotics (41%), followed by nitroimidazols (28.6%) and penicillins (28.6%). According to the World Health Organization classification, 55 (52.4%) took major priority antibiotics.
Conclusion. We are on the alert and there is an urgent need to raise awareness among clinicians and patients alike by providing them with good clinical practice guidelines.

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Published

28-04-2023

How to Cite

Yopa Demen, D. S., Nnanga Nga , E., Ohandza, C. S., Gonsu Kamga, H., Kouamen Njikeu, O. N., & Nguefack-Tsague, G. (2023). Antibiotic consumption history of patients in a referred laboratory in Yaounde. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(5). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2104

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Original Articles