Knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward COVID-19 among the general population: a cross-sectional study in Kankan, Guinea

Authors

  • Mara Demba Hospital Center De Kankan
  • Rigobert Lotoko Kapasa International School of Public Health, Mohammed VI University of Health Sciences, Casablanca https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5912-2481
  • Tady Camara Jhpiego Kankan
  • Najat Halabi Oral and Dental Service, Directorate of Epidemiology and Disease Control at the Ministry of Health, Rabat
  • Hannoun Abdelaziz Laboratory of Sciences and Techniques of Information, Communication and Education (LASTIE), IFDST, FSBM, Hassan II University of Casablanca
  • Bouaddi Oumnia Oral and Dental Service, Directorate of Epidemiology and Disease Control at the Ministry of Health, Rabat
  • Raji Mohamed Laboratory of Sciences and Techniques of Information, Communication and Education (LASTIE), IFDST, FSBM, Hassan II University of Casablanca
  • Chafiq Nadia Laboratory of Sciences and Techniques of Information, Communication and Education (LASTIE), IFDST, FSBM, Hassan II University of Casablanca
  • Btissam Taybi Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez
  • Belouali Radouane International School of Public Health, Mohammed VI University of Health Sciences, Casablanca
  • Khalis Mohamed International School of Public Health, Mohammed VI University of Health Sciences, Casablanca
  • Yves Coppieters't Wallant School of Public Health, Free University of Brussels (ULB)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2231

Keywords:

knowledge, attitude, practice, adolescents, health, Ethiopia, gender, COVID-19, Republic of Guinea

Abstract

Background. Implementing decisive and effective infection prevention and control measures necessitates a thorough grasp of the general population’s level of knowledge in order to identify existing gaps and react appropriately.

Objective. The goal of this cross-sectional research was to assess public knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) about COVID-19 in Kankan Guinea, in order to better understand the ercial use only socio-demographic factors that are associated with poor KAP.

Materials and Methods. The study population consists of 1230 people who reside in five health districts in the Kankan region. An anonymous paper-based questionnaire, given face-to-face by trained field agents, was used to gather data.

Results. The research included 1230 Guineans in total. The bulk of respondents (60%) were familiar with COVID-19. Only 44% of respondents under the age of 29 had a clear understanding of COVID-19. Male participants knew more about COVID-19 than female ones (P=0.003). The majority of participants (82%) had negative attitudes toward COVID-19, while 61% reported positive practices linked to COVID-19 measures. In this research, being female was a risk factor for poor knowledge of COVID-19 (P0,001), and being single was a risk factor for negative attitudes toward COVID-19 (P=0,009).

Conclusion. Appropriate measures should be taken to increase public awareness and improve general practice of preventive measures aimed at reducing the spread of infectious diseases such as COVID-19.

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Author Biography

Rigobert Lotoko Kapasa, International School of Public Health, Mohammed VI University of Health Sciences, Casablanca

Community Health Sciences Department, University of Sherbrooke, Charles-Le Moyne Research Center, Sherbrooke, Canada.

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Published

20-04-2023

How to Cite

Demba, M., Lotoko Kapasa, R., Camara, T., Halabi, N., Abdelaziz, H., Oumnia, B., Mohamed, R., Nadia, C., Taybi, B., Radouane, B., Mohamed, K., & Wallant, Y. C. (2023). Knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward COVID-19 among the general population: a cross-sectional study in Kankan, Guinea. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(3). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2231

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Original Articles