Healthcare users’ knowledge and experiences regarding the management of scabies in the Deder district, Ethiopia

Authors

  • Sagni Challi Jira 1Department of malaria and neglected tropical disease, Armauer Hansen Research Institute, ADDIS ABABA.
  • Kholofelo L. Matlhaba Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, PRETORIA, South Africa. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3564-7344
  • David Ditaba Mphuthi Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, PRETORIA, South Africa.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2305

Keywords:

Health care users, Scabies, Experience, Knowledge

Abstract

Background: Scabies is an ectoparasitic, highly contagious skin disease caused by an infestation of the skin by the human itch mite, and the major cause of morbidity and disease burden in developing countries.

Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the current knowledge and experiences of healthcare users on the management of scabies provided at primary healthcare facilities.

Methods: A qualitative research design was used to address the research objectives. Data were collected using focus group interviews with 54 health care users. Thematic analysis was performed on the verbatim transcriptions using Tesch’s approach. Five themes emerged after data analysis. These were Knowledge regarding scabies; Knowledge regarding the management of scabies; Knowledge regarding the prevention of scabies; Perceptions regarding receiving treatment of scabies; and Recommendations regarding the availability of materials and medication.

Results: The findings showed that the knowledge of healthcare users that participated in the study on scabies, its management, prevention, and control was limited. Health care users experience different challenges regarding scabies and the management thereof.

Conclusions: Healthcare users’ in the area was limited knowledge and experience different challenges regarding scabies and the management thereof. These challenges contribute to low quality of health service with undesirable health outcomes. To narrow this gap, consistent and programmed health education was provided to the community through different modalities by using the existing health system to increase awareness regarding scabies. Once community awareness was enacted, each community member was positioned to prevent and control scabies.

Download data is not yet available.

References

World Health Organisation. Water-related disease: Scabies. Geneva. WHO. [Internet]. [Cited 2022 Feb 15]. Available from: https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/diseasesrisks/diseases/scabies/en/.

World Health Organisation. Neglected tropical disease: Scabies. Geneva. WHO. [Internet]. [Cited 2022 Feb 15]. Available from: https://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/diseases/scabies/en/.

Enbiale W, Ayalew A. Investigation of a Scabies Outbreak in Drought-Affected Areas in Ethiopia. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease. 2018; 3(4):114. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3040114

Sara J, Haji Y, Gebretsadik A. Scabies Outbreak Investigation and Risk Factors in East Badewacho District, Southern Ethiopia: Unmatched Case-Control Study. Dermatology Research and Practice. 2018; 2018:1-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7276938

Nair PA, Vora RV, Jivani N B, and Gandhi S S. A Study of Clinical Profile and Quality of Life in Patients with Scabies at a Rural Tertiary Care Centre. JCDR, 2016; 10(10), pp. WC01–WC05. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2016/20938.8703

Bernigaud C, Fischer K, Chosidow O. The Management of Scabies in the 21st Century: Past, Advances and Potentials. Acta Dermato Venereologica. 2020; 100(9):adv00112-234. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2340/00015555-3468

Rawat R, Thakur D. Lack of awareness and knowledge among people with scabies in a questionnaire based cross-sectional and observational study. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2020; 7(2):595. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20200433

Mitchell E, Bell S, Thean L, Sahukhan A, Kama M, Koroivueti A et al. Community perspectives on scabies, impetigo and mass drug administration in Fiji: A qualitative study. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 2020; 14(12):e0008825. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0008825

Trasia R. Scabies in Indonesia: Epidemiology and Prevention. Insights in Public Health Journal. 2021; 1(2):30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20884/1.iphj.2020.1.2.3071

Seetan K, Rashdan Y, Alsharei A, Bashir S, Almadani A, Alqa'dan M et al. Assessment of Knowledge toward Scabies, its Transmission and Prevention among Syrian Refugees in North of Jordan. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-570553/v1

Assefa Y, Gelaw Y, Hill P, Taye B, Van Damme W. Community health extension program of Ethiopia, 2003–2018: successes and challenges toward universal coverage for primary healthcare services. Globalization and Health. 2019; 15(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0470-1

Sambo M, Umar A, Idris S, Olorukooba A. Prevalence of scabies among school-aged children in Katanga rural community in Kaduna state, North-western Nigeria. Annals of Nigerian Medicine. 2012; 6(1):26. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0331-3131.100208

Nigussie G. A review on traditionally used medicinal plants for scabies therapy in Ethiopia. Advances in Traditional Medicine. 2020; 21(2):199-208. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13596-020-00453-7

Lopes M, da Silva E, Ca J, Gonçalves A, Rodrigues A, Mandjuba C et al. Perceptions, attitudes and practices towards scabies in communities on the Bijagós Islands, Guinea-Bissau. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/trz102

Ahmed A, Jradi H, AlBuraikan D, ALMuqbil B, Albaijan M, Al-Shehri A et al. Rate and factors for scabies recurrence in children in Saudi Arabia: a retrospective study. BMC Pediatrics. 2019; 19(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1565-9

Sanei-Dehkordi A, Soleimani-Ahmadi M, Zare M, Jaberhashemi S. Risk factors associated with scabies infestation among primary schoolchildren in a low socio-economic area in southeast of Iran. BMC Pediatrics. 2021; 21(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-021-02721-0

Wochebo W, Haji Y, Asnake S. Scabies outbreak investigation and risk factors in Kechabira district, Southern Ethiopia: unmatched case-control study. BMC Research Notes. 2019; 12(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4317-x

Engelman D, Cantey P, Marks M, Solomon A, Chang A, Chosidow O et al. The public health control of scabies: priorities for research and action. The Lancet. 2019; 394(10192):81-92. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)31136-5

Cox V, Fuller L, Engelman D, Steer A, Hay R. Estimating the global burden of scabies: what else do we need?*. British Journal of Dermatology. 2020; 184(2):237-242. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.19170

Downloads

Published

03-12-2023

How to Cite

Jira, S. C., Matlhaba, K. L., & Mphuthi, D. D. (2023). Healthcare users’ knowledge and experiences regarding the management of scabies in the Deder district, Ethiopia. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(12). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2305

Issue

Section

Original Articles