Death risk among COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus


Published: 7 December 2022
Abstract Views: 313
PDF: 277
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Authors

  • Dahlia Dahlia Student of Bachelor Program of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia.
  • Kurnia Dwi Artanti Division of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia.
  • Arief Hargono Division of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia.
  • Santi Martini Division of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia.
  • Nayla Mohamed Gomaa Nasr Doctoral candidate at the University of Debrecen, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Debrecen, Hungary.
  • Chung-Yi Li Division of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia; Department of Public Health, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, Province of China.

Deaths from COVID-19 are increasing in patients with comorbidities. One of the most common comorbidities is diabetes mellitus. The researchers wanted to see how having diabetes affected the mortality rate of COVID-19 participants. This investigation is a case control observational analytical study. Different types of people, called “cases,” and “controls,” complete the research sample. Each group had 68 responders, for a grand total of 136. Medical records from COVID-19 patients treated at Airlangga University Hospital, Surabaya, between March 2020 and September 2021 serve as the study’s secondary data source. The purpose of this study’s data analysis is to calculate an odds ratio. Patients with COVID-19 with concomitant diabetes mellitus had an increased risk of death, and this risk increased with age, gender, and COVID-19 symptoms. In contrast, education, occupation, and laboratory results were not significantly related to mortality among COVID-19 individuals with concomitant diabetes mellitus (GDA status). The results of this study show that COVID-19 patients with concomitant diabetes mellitus are at a higher risk of death if they are over the age of 65, if they are male, and if they have severe symptoms.


Asfahan, S., Kunal, D., Naveen, D., Ram, N., Priyank, J. and Mehul, A., 2020. Extrapolation of mortality in COVID-19: Exploring the role of age, sex, co-morbidities and health-care related occupation. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, 90(2), pp. 313–317. Available at: 10.4081/monaldi.2020.1325 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2020.1325

Baker, M. G., Peckham, T. K. and Seixas, N. S., 2020. Estimating the burden of United States workers exposed to infection or disease: A key factor in containing risk of COVID-19 infection. PLoS ONE, 15(4), pp. 4–11. Available at: 10.1371/journal.pone.0232452 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232452

Biswas, M., Rahaman, S., Biswas, T.K., Haque, Z. and Ibrahim, B., 2021. Association of Sex, Age, and Comorbidities with Mortality in COVID-19 Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta- Analysis. Intervirology, 64(1), pp. 36–47. Available at: 10.1159/000512592 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000512592

Chan, J. F. W., Yuan, S., Kok, K.H., Chu, H., Yang, J., Xing, F., Liu, J., Yip, C.C., Poon R,W., Tsoi, H.W., Lo, S.K., Chan, K.H., Poon, V.K., Chan, W.M., Ip J.D., Cai J.P., Cheng, V.C., Chen, H., Hui, C.K. and Yuen, K.A., 2020. A familial cluster of pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus indicating person-to-person transmission: a study of a family cluster. The Lancet, 395(10223), pp. 514–523 Available at: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30154-9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30154-9

Devan Hawkins, Letitia Davis, D. K., 2021. COVID‐19 deaths by occupation Massachusetts March 1 July 31 2020. Available at: https://publons.com/publon/10.1002/ajim.23227 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.23227

Drew, C. and Adisasmita, A. C., 2021. Gejala dan komorbid yang memengaruhi mortalitas pasien positif COVID-19 di Jakarta Timur , Maret-September 2020. Tarumanagara Medical Journal, 3(3), pp. 274–283. Available at: http://journal.untar.ac.id/index.php/tmj/article/view/11742 DOI: https://doi.org/10.24912/tmj.v3i2.11742

Du, R. H., Yang, C.Q., Wang, W., Cao, T.Z., Li, M., Guo, G.Y., Du, J., Zheng, C.L., Zhu, Q., Hu, M., Li, X.Y., Peng, P. and Shi, H.Z., 2020. Predictors of mortality for patients with COVID-19 pneumonia caused by SARSCoV- 2: A prospective cohort study. European Respiratory Journal, 55(5). Available at: 10.1183/13993003.00524-2020 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00524-2020

Hussain, A., Bhowmik, B. and Cristina, N., 2020. COVID-19 and diabetes: Knowledge in progress. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, (January). Available at: 10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108142 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108142

Imam, Z., Odish, F., Gill, I., O’Connor, D., Armstrong, J., Vanood, A., Ibironke, O., Hanna., A., Ranski, A. and Halalau, A., 2020. Older age and comorbidity are independent mortality predictors in a large cohort of 1305 COVID-19 patients in Michigan, United States. Journal of Internal Medicine, 288(4), pp. 469–476. Available at: 10.1111/joim.13119 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/joim.13119

Kumar, Ashish. Arora, Anil. Sharma, Praveen. Anil, S., 2020. The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect , the company ’ s public news and information. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, 14(January), pp. 535–545. Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S187140212030109 0?via%3Dihub DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2020.04.044

Li, P., Chen, L., Liu, Z., Pan, J., Zhou, D., Wang, H., Gong, H., Fu, Z., Song, Q., Min, Q., Ruan, S., Xu, T., Cheng, F. and Li, X., 2020. Clinical features and short-term outcomes of elderly patients with COVID-19. Int J Infect Dis, 97:245-250. Available at: 10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.107 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.107

Lim, S., Bae, J.H., Kwon, H.S. and Nauck, M.A., 2021. COVID-19 and diabetes mellitus: from pathophysiology to clinical management. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 17(1), pp. 11–30. Available at: 10.1038/s41574-020-00435-4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41574-020-00435-4

Luh, N. P. P. and Wisnu, K. S. K., 2021. Peran HbA1c Dalam Progresi dan Prognosis COVID-19 pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus. 12(3), pp. 682–688. Available at: 10.15562/ism.v12i3.1113 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15562/ism.v12i3.1113

Miller, C., 2012. Nursing for wellness in older adult: Theory and practice (6th Ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Available at: https://ocw.ui.ac.id

No, V. and Mona, N., 2020. Konsep Isolasi Dalam Jaringan Sosial Untuk Meminimalisasi Efek Contagious (Kasus Penyebaran Virus Corona Di Indonesia). Jurnal Sosial Humaniora Terapan, 2(2), pp. 117–125. Available at: 10.7454/jsht.v2i2.86 DOI: https://doi.org/10.7454/jsht.v2i2.86

Noor, F. M. and Islam, M. M., 2020. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Mortality Among COVID-19 Patients: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Community Health, 45(6), pp. 1270–1282. Available at: 10.1007/s10900- 020-00920-x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-020-00920-x

Raden Muhammad Ali, S., Resty Varia, T. and Djazuly, C., 2020. Analisis Faktor Risiko Kematian Dengan Penyakit Komorbid Covid-19. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 4(1), pp. 1689–1699. Available at: 10.31539/jks.v4i1.1587 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v4i1.1587

Santos, M. M., Lucena, E.E.S., Lima, K.C., Brito, A.A.C., Bay, M.B. and Bonfada, D., 2020. Survival and predictors of deaths of patients hospitalized due to COVID-19 from a retrospective and multicenter cohort study in Brazil. Epidemiology and Infection. Available at: 10.1017/S0950268820002034 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.06.07.20125047

Siagian, T. H., 2020. MENCARI KELOMPOK BERISIKO TINGGI TERINFEKSI VIRUS CORONA DENGAN DISCOURSE NETWORK ANALYSIS. Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia, 09(02), pp. 98–106. Available at: 10.22146/jkki.55475

Silver, S. R., Jia, L., Winifred, L. B., Taylor, L.S. and Matthew, R.G., 2020. Prevalence of Underlying Medical Conditions Among Selected Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers — Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 31 States, 2017–2018. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69(36), pp. 1244–1249. Available at: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6936a3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6936a3

Simatupang, M. D. and Arcana, I. M., 2020. Risiko Kematian Pasien Covid-19 dan Faktor yang Memengaruhinya. 2020, pp. 889–898. Available at: 10.34123/semnasoffstat.v2021i1.1085 DOI: https://doi.org/10.34123/semnasoffstat.v2021i1.1085

Suprayitno, E., Sylvina, R., Adivtian, R. and Muhti, Y. P., 2020. Pengetahuan dan Sikap Masyarakat dalam Pencegahan COVID-19. Journal Of Health Science (Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan), 5(2), pp. 68–73. Available at: 10.24929/jik.v5i2.1123 DOI: https://doi.org/10.24929/jik.v5i2.1123

Wenham, C., Smith, J. and Morgan, R., 2020. COVID-19: the gendered impacts of the outbreak. (January). Available at: 10.1089/AID.2019.0118.1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30526-2

Widiastuti, L., 2021. Perbedaan Kualitas Hidup Pasien COVID-19 Dengan Comorbid. 5, pp. 233–239. Available at: 10.31539/jks.v5i1.2833 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v5i1.2833

Zhang, J., Wang, X., Jia, X., Li, J., Hu, K., Chen, G., Wei, J., Gong, Z., Zhou, C., Yu, M., Lei, H., Cheng, F., Zhangm B., Xu, Y., Wang, G. and Dong, W., 2020. Risk factors for disease severity, unimprovement, and mortality in COVID-19 patients in Wuhan, China. Clin Microbiol Infect, 26(6): 767-772. Available at: 10.1016/j.cmi.2020.04.012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2020.04.012

Zheng, Z., Anwar, S., Raymond, P., Makhyan, J.A., Ian, H. and Budhi, A., 2020. The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect , the company ’ s public news and information. Journal of Infection. Available at: https://persi.or.id

Dahlia, D., Artanti, K. D., Hargono, A., Martini, S., Nasr, N. M. G., & Li, C.-Y. (2022). Death risk among COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 13(s2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2399

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Citations


Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.