Smartphone usage and dietary habits associated with sugar-sweetened beverages preferences among Indonesian female university students

Published: 7 December 2022
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  • Nurnaningsih Herya Ulfah Public Health Department, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia.
  • Pokkate Wongsasuluk College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok; Health and Social Sciences and Addiction Research Unit, Bangkok, Thailand.
  • Ridhwan Fauzi Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta, Banten, Indonesia.
  • Lucky Radita Alma Public Health Department, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia.
  • Septa Katmawanti Public Health Department, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia.
  • Dhian Kartikasari Public Health Department, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang; Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.

High sugary beverages have recently gained popularity among young adults. This research aimed to determine the association between smartphone usage and dietary consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages among young female adults in Indonesia. This cross-sectional study conducted an online survey in Malang City. There were 217 female university students aged 18-25 years old who were eligible as participants. The dependent variable was a preference for SSBs consumption, while the independent variables included sociodemographics, BMI, food allergies, smartphone usage, and dietary habits. Chi-square and binary logistics were used to analyse the association between independent variables and SSBs. The results showed that 62.2% of respondents preferred to consume SSBs, and 12.9% of participants were classified as overnutrition (BMI>25). More than half of the respondents had breakfast every day, and a majority of them like to consume high carbohydrates (96.8%) and high-sugar snacks (55.3%). The binary logistic regression showed an association between BMI status, breakfast consumption, watching movies, and eating frequency with high sugar beverage consumption preference (p<0.05). Reducing sugar beverages consumption intervention should consider using media accessible with smartphone.

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