Personal characteristics, families, and community support associated with self-care behavior among Indonesian diabetic patients

Authors

  • Nurnaningsih Herya Ulfah Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java
  • Septa Katmawanti Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java
  • Andini Melati Sukma Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java
  • Indana Tri Rahmawati Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java
  • Pokkate Wongsasuluk College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok; Health and Social Sciences and Addiction Research Unit, Bangkok
  • Lucky Radita Alma Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java
  • Desy Ariwinanti Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2419

Keywords:

diabetes patients, self-care behavior, illness perception, families, community support

Abstract

Self-care management is the way to prevent the complication in diabetes. However, adherence to self-care management is low. This study aims to assess the association of personal characteristics, supports the system, including families and community, with the self-care behavior among diabetes patients. A cross-sectional study was used in this research. 158 participants were randomly selected based on the primary health care database in Malang City, Indonesia. There are eight parts of the questionnaire as the instruments in this study. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the association of all independent variables with self-care behavior as a dependent variable. This study showed that 60.80% of respondents had complications while the less practicing self-care behavior was 46.84%. Furthermore, the ordinal regression logistic showed that duration of DM (OR:4.347, 95%CI 1.671-11.310), illness perception (OR: 0.028, 95%CI 6.090- 51.346), family supports (OR: 3.295, 95%CI 1.325-8.192), and community supports (2.802, 95%CI 1.209-6.493) were associated with self-care behavior among diabetes Mellitus. This finding can support the primary health care to involved family and community around diabetes patients to success the self-care management.

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Published

07-12-2022

How to Cite

Ulfah, N. H., Katmawanti, S., Sukma, A. M., Rahmawati, I. T., Wongsasuluk, P., Alma, L. R., & Ariwinanti, D. (2022). Personal characteristics, families, and community support associated with self-care behavior among Indonesian diabetic patients. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 13(s2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2419