Self-medication profiles in school-age adolescents in Surabaya city, Indonesia

Authors

  • Mufarrihah Mufarrihah Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Ana Yuda Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Abhimata Paramanandana Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Dini Retnowati Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Devy Maulidya Cahyani Master Program of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Retno Sari Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Sugiyartono Sugiyartono Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Tutiek Purwanti Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Dewi Isadiartuti Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Esti Hendradi Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Andang Miatmoko Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2530

Keywords:

Self-medication, School-age students, Pharmacist, Medication error, Public health

Abstract

Background: It has been reported that children are already practicing self-medication. Indeed, at the children’s age, they are not allowed to self-medicate due to limited knowledge regarding self-medication, leading to inappropriate drug therapy or self-toxicity becoming problems in public health.

Objective: This study aimed to determine how school-age adolescents carry out self-medication behavior.

Methods: The study was designed as a cross-sectional in which data were collected using questionnaire methods. There were 195 students recruited in this study, consisting of SDN Keputih-245 Elementary School students, SMPN 19 Surabaya Junior High School, and SMAN 11 Surabaya Senior High School.

Results: The results showed that most of the students had purchased medicine independently without a doctor’s prescription. The primary source of information regarding self-medication by school students is family. Although most of the respondents stated they always inform their parents or doctors, it has been found that the practice of self-medication by school-age teenagers without informing their parents or doctors exists. Moreover, less than 50% of student respondents believe that self-medication is safe.

Conclusion: The role of pharmacists is urgently needed to pro- vide proper education related to drug information and self-medication to increase school-age students’ knowledge.

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Published

16-03-2023

How to Cite

Mufarrihah, M., Yuda, A., Paramanandana, A., Retnowati, D., Cahyani, D. M., Sari, R., Sugiyartono, S., Purwanti, T., Isadiartuti, D., Hendradi, E., & Miatmoko, A. (2023). Self-medication profiles in school-age adolescents in Surabaya city, Indonesia. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(s1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2530