Predictors of breastfeeding duration on mothers who return to work: a systematic review

Published: 25 May 2023
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  • Siti Nurjanah Doctoral Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Bambang Wirjatmadi Department of Nutrition of Public Health,Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Shrimarti Rukmini Devy Departement of Health Promotion and Behavioural Science Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Dewi Retno Suminar Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia; 5Doctorate Program of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia.
  • Erinda Nur Pratiwi Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia; 5Doctorate Program of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia.

Introduction: the idea of continuing breastfeeding and work raises conflicting demands on the mother. Work correlates with early termination of breastfeeding and full-time work is associated with a shorter duration of breastfeeding than working part time. Objective: we aimed to systematically explore literature relating to factors related to breastfeeding duration in mothers returning to work. Materials and Methods: this research uses systematic review where systematic review is carried out following a combination of selected reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis. Results: many selected articles were found related to factors affecting the duration of breastfeeding in breastfeeding mothers who returned to work. Discussions: delaying return to work until at least 15 weeks postpartum indicates a long duration of breastfeeding (at least 6 months). Part-time work is also positively related to the duration of feeding. Conclusions: employment and early return to work, support from social environment, perception of milk production, higher maternal occupational and education, household income, delaying return to work at least 15 weeks postpartum, working part time and longer maternity leave are predictors of breastfeeding duration on mother return to work.

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Nurjanah, S., Wirjatmadi, B., Devy, S. R., Suminar, D. R., & Pratiwi, E. N. (2023). Predictors of breastfeeding duration on mothers who return to work: a systematic review. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(s2).


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