Mitigating household psychosocial and economic impact of Covid-19 pandemic in Mathare slums, Nairobi, Kenya: an initiative by the German Doctors in Kenya




2019-nCoV, Psychosocial aspect, economic burden, urban slum


Introduction: The Psychosocial and Economic Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic in Mathare slums were adverse which necessitated mitigation strategies to be employed to cushion the most vulnerable and help them cope with the new “state of affairs”. The pandemic was characterized by a surge in the respiratory infections, unemployment, households going hungry, gender-based violence in families, child abuse cases and increased rates of teenage pregnancy.

Methodology: Retrospective case study design was employed; secondary data from hospital departments were extracted for analysis from March 2020 to December 2021. Interventions in focus were health service provision, Gender based and child abuse services, food distribution, wet-feeding program, business grants and house rent grants.

Results: The most common burden faced by Mathare residents was food insecurity which was mitigated by giving 9,423 Patients’ food baskets while 1423 patients enrolled to the wet feeding program. Gender Based Violence services provided doubled in the year 2021 with physical and emotional violence being more common than sexual violence which was at 6.2%. Child abuse services were provided more in the year 2020 and 96 teenage mothers were assisted to go back to school. About 158 families received rent grants; which was a 30.4% increase from the year 2020. There was a 75.5% increase in the year 2021 of residents who received business grants.

Conclusion: In a pandemic the effects are beyond health hence it is necessary to manage patients comprehensively using a multi-sectorial approach. However it is important to put regulations to avoid overdependence.

Download data is not yet available.


Mishra NP, Das SS, Yadav S, Khan W, Afzal M, Alarifi A, et al. Global impacts of pre- and post-COVID-19 pandemic: Focus on socio-economic consequences. Sensors Int. 2020;1:100042. DOI:

UNDP. Articulating the Pathways of the Socio-Economic Impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic on the Kenyan Economy. Policy Br. 2020;4/2020(April):33.

Life Expectancy for World Regions.

Kimberly C. Impact of COVID-19 on people’s livelihoods, their health and our food systems [Internet]. World Health Organization. 2020 [cited 2022 Jan 12]. p. 4–7. Available from:’s-livelihoods-their-health-and-our-food-systems

COMESA. Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa FINAL REPORT EVIDENCE FROM COMESA REGION. 2020.

Owino E. Socioeconomic impacts of Covid-19 in Kenya - Development Initiatives [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2022 Jan 10]. Available from:

Bank W. Socioeconomic Impacts of COVID-19 in Kenya on Households [Internet]. Socioeconomic Impacts of COVID-19 in Kenya on Households. World Bank, Washington, DC; 2021 [cited 2022 Jan 10]. Available from:

Josephson A, Kilic T, Michler JD. Socioeconomic impacts of COVID-19 in low-income countries. Nat Hum Behav [Internet]. 2021 Mar 30 [cited 2022 Jan 12];5(5):557–65. Available from: DOI:

Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Kenya | SDG Philanthropy Platform [Internet]. [cited 2022 Jan 12]. Available from:

How do I calculate sample size for interventional studies or RCTs? [Internet]. [cited 2022 Feb 10]. Available from: DOI:

About us - Aid organization | German Doctors e.V. [Internet]. [cited 2023 Jul 25]. Available from:




How to Cite

Omoto, A. (2023). Mitigating household psychosocial and economic impact of Covid-19 pandemic in Mathare slums, Nairobi, Kenya: an initiative by the German Doctors in Kenya. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(12).



Original Articles