Availability of human immunodeficiency virus prevention services in secondary schools in Kabarole District, Uganda


Submitted: 9 December 2014
Accepted: 13 July 2016
Published: 17 August 2015
Abstract Views: 988
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Authors

  • Jane Namuddu CDC HIV/AIDS Fellowship Program, Makerere University School of Public Health; Baylor College of Medicine Children’s Foundation, Uganda.
  • Peter Waiswa Makerere University School of Public Health, Uganda; Division of global Health, IHCAR, Karolisnska Instituted, Stockholm, Sweden; Iganga Mayuge Health and Demographic Surveillance Site, Iganga, Uganda.
  • Betty Nsangi Baylor College of Medicine Children’s Foundation, Uganda.
  • Robert Iriso Baylor College of Medicine Children’s Foundation, Uganda.
  • Joseph Matovu CDC HIV/AIDS Fellowship Program, Makerere University School of Public Health, Uganda.
  • Albert Maganda Baylor College of Medicine Children’s Foundation, Uganda.
  • Adeodata Kekitiinwa Baylor College of Medicine Children’s Foundation, Uganda.
The aim of this study was to assess the level of availability of HIV prevention strategies in secondary schools in Kabarole district, Uganda in order to inform the design of interventions to strengthen HIV Prevention and psychosocial support. Quantitative and qualitative research methods were used in eight secondary schools in Kabarole district to establish available HIV prevention and psychosocial support services. Questionnaires were administered to 355 students 12-24 years old. In addition, 20 Key Informant interviews were held with education service providers. Quantitative data was analyzed using Epi-data and qualitative data were analyzed by thematic content analysis. Seven of the eight schools had at least one HIV prevention strategy. Two teachers in each of the five schools had been trained in HIV prevention. No school had a nurse trained in HIV prevention, care and support. Education service providers had limited knowledge of HIV prevention support and care of students living with HIV. We found out that students had knowledge on how one can acquire HIV. HIV prevention services reported by students in schools included: talks from teachers and guests (19%), drama with HIV prevention related messages (16%), peer education clubs (15%), workshops and seminars on HIV (8%), sensitization about HIV/AIDS (7%), guidance and counseling (6%), talking compounds- (5%), abstinence talks (6%), keeping students busy in sports (4%), straight talk (4%). Sixty three percent reported receiving HIV reading materials from various sources. Preventing HIV infection among students in schools is still demanding with limited interventions for students. Efforts to support school interventions should focus on including HIV Prevention in the school curriculum, working with peer educators as well as education service providers who spend much of the time with the students while at school.

Supporting Agencies

Makerere School of Public Health Centres for Disease Control Fellowship Program, Baylor College of Medicine Children's Foundation,

Namuddu, J., Waiswa, P., Nsangi, B., Iriso, R., Matovu, J., Maganda, A., & Kekitiinwa, A. (2015). Availability of human immunodeficiency virus prevention services in secondary schools in Kabarole District, Uganda. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2015.454

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