The relationship between body fat percentage and body mass index in overweight and obese individuals in an urban african setting


Submitted: 1 December 2015
Accepted: 15 August 2016
Published: 17 August 2016
Abstract Views: 2458
PDF: 1280
HTML: 972
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Authors

  • Mukadas O. Akindele Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano State, Nigeria.
  • Julie S. Phillips Department of Physiotherapy, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa.
  • Ehimario U. Igumbor Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Epidemiology and Strategic Information Branch, Pretoria, South Africa.
The increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in both developed and developing countries is associated with musculoskeletal and other non-communicable diseases. To address this, an accurate measure of body adiposity, bearing in mind several shortcomings of body mass index (BMI), should be used. This study determined the relationship between BMI and body fat (BF)% among adult Nigerians of different ethnic groups residing in an urban setting. Using multistage cluster sampling technique were recruited 1571 subjects (>18 years; male=51.2%) in a cross-sectional study. Body adiposity indices were assessed using BMI and BF%. Using BF%, the result shows that a total number of 156 (9.9%) had low BF% while 291 (18.5%) had very high BF%, while the BMI classifications of body adiposity, 68 (4.3%) were underweight while 271 (17.3%) were obese. There was a strong and positive statistical relationship between BF% and BMI when both were paired without controlling for gender and age (r=0.81, P<0.01). The results show that there is a strong positive association between BMI and BF%, and age and sex are predictors of this association.

Akindele, M. O., Phillips, J. S., & Igumbor, E. U. (2016). The relationship between body fat percentage and body mass index in overweight and obese individuals in an urban african setting. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2016.515

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Citations


List of Cited By :

Crossref logo