Methanol poisoning in South-South Nigeria: Reflections on the outbreak response

Authors

  • Nnanna Onyekwere Department of Public Health, Rivers State Ministry of Health
  • Ifeoma Nwadiuto Department of Public Health, Rivers State Ministry of Health
  • Sylvester Maleghemi World Health Organization, Rivers State Field Office
  • Omosivie Maduka Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Port Harcourt http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8243-8131
  • Tamuno-Wari Numbere Department of Public Health, Rivers State Ministry of Health
  • Ndubuisi Akpuh Nigerian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
  • Esther Kanu Nigerian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
  • Ifeoma Katchy Nigerian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
  • Ibitein Okeafor Nigerian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2018.748

Keywords:

methanol poisoning, outbreak, Nigeria

Abstract

The methanol poisoning outbreak in Rivers State, Nigeria in May 2015, involved 84 persons in five local government areas. An incident management system comprised of an Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR) committee and the Local Government Area Rapid Response Teams in an Emergency Operations Centre (EOC). The EOC teams conducted case finding activities, line listing, and descriptive analysis, a retrospective cohort study and collection of local gin samples for laboratory investigation. They also coordinated community mobilization and sensitization activities, intervention meetings with local gin sellers, trace back activities and case management. Those affected were male (72; 85.7%) aged between 20 and 79 years. Of the 55 persons whose socio-demographics were obtained, forty-one persons (74.6%) were married, and 23 (41.8%) had primary education. Case fatality rate was 83.3% with an attack rate of 16 per 100,000 persons. Those exposed to ingestion of adulterated gin were six times more likely to develop methanol poisoning than those not exposed RR=6 (1.0-38.5); P=0.0078. It is hoped that this experience has positioned the state for better preparedness towards future outbreaks.

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Published

06-07-2018

How to Cite

Onyekwere, N., Nwadiuto, I., Maleghemi, S., Maduka, O., Numbere, T.-W., Akpuh, N., Kanu, E., Katchy, I., & Okeafor, I. (2018). Methanol poisoning in South-South Nigeria: Reflections on the outbreak response. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2018.748

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Section

Original Articles