Reduction of client waiting time using task shifting in an antiretroviral clinic at Specialist Hospital Bauchi, Nigeria


Submitted: 6 September 2010
Accepted: 25 October 2010
Published: 11 February 2011
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Authors

  • Nisser A. Umar Health Economics Group, School of Medicine, health Policy and Practice, University of east anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom, United States.
  • Moses John Hajara Bauchi State Agency for the Control of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (BACATMA), Bauchi, Nigeria.
  • Mohammed Khalifa Bauchi State Agency for the Control of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (BACATMA), Bauchi, Nigeria.
Aiming to assess the impact of the intervention in reducing the patients’ waiting time in the clinic, two surveys were conducted before and after task shifting intervention in an anti-retroviral (ARV) clinic at the Specialist Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria in November 2008 and April 2009, respectively. Before the task shifting, six nurses from the clinic were trained on integrated management of adolescent and adult illness, as well as on the principle and guidelines for the anti-retroviral therapy, after which their schedule in the clinic was broadened to include seeing HIV patients presenting for routine refill and follow-up visits. In this study, fifty-six and sixty patients, respectively out of 186 and 202 who attended the clinic on the days of the pre- and post-intervention surveys, were randomly sampled. Data on patients’ sex, age and marital status, whether patient a first timer or follow up visitor and the time spent in the clinic on that day as well as the number and composition of staff and equipment in the clinic was collected. The difference in waiting time spent between the first group before task shifting and second group after task shifting was statistically analyzed and significance tested using unpaired t- test. There was a reduction in the average waiting time for patients attending the clinic from 6.48 h before task shifting to 4.35 h after task shifting. The difference of mean was -2.13 h, with 95% CI: -2.44:-1.82 hours and the test of significance by unpaired t-test P<0.0001.

Umar, N. A., Hajara, M. J., & Khalifa, M. (2011). Reduction of client waiting time using task shifting in an antiretroviral clinic at Specialist Hospital Bauchi, Nigeria. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 2(1), e2. https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2011.e2

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