Original Article

Self-medication profiles in school-age adolescents in Surabaya city, Indonesia

Mufarrihah Mufarrihah, Ana Yuda, Abhimata Paramanandana, Dini Retnowati, Devy M. Cahyani, Retno Sari, Sugiyartono Sugiyartono, Tutiek Purwanti, Dewi Isadiartuti, Esti Hendradi, Andang Miatmoko
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 14, S 1 : 4th Joint Conference of UNAIR-USM, International Conference of Pharmacy and Health Sciences ICPHS| a134 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2530 | © 2024 Mufarrihah Mufarrihah, Ana Yuda, Abhimata Paramanandana, Dini Retnowati, Devy M. Cahyani, Retno Sari, Sugiyartono Sugiyartono, Tutiek Purwanti, Dewi Isadiartuti, Esti Hendradi, Andang Miatmoko | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 April 2024 | Published: 30 March 2023

About the author(s)

Mufarrihah Mufarrihah, Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Ana Yuda, Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Abhimata Paramanandana, Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Dini Retnowati, Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Devy M. Cahyani, Master Program of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Retno Sari, Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Sugiyartono Sugiyartono, Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Tutiek Purwanti, Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Dewi Isadiartuti, Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Esti Hendradi, Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Andang Miatmoko, Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: It has been reported that children are already practicing self-medication. Indeed, at the children’s age, they are not allowed to self-medicate due to limited knowledge regarding self-medication, leading to inappropriate drug therapy or self-toxicity becoming problems in public health. Objective: This study aimed to determine how school-age adolescents carry out self-medication behavior. Methods: The study was designed as a cross-sectional in which data were collected using questionnaire methods. There were 195 students recruited in this study, consisting of SDN Keputih-245 Elementary School students, SMPN 19 Surabaya Junior High School, and SMAN 11 Surabaya Senior High School. Results: The results showed that most of the students had purchased medicine independently without a doctor’s prescription. The primary source of information regarding self-medication by school students is family. Although most of the respondents stated they always inform their parents or doctors, it has been found that the practice of self-medication by school-age teenagers without informing their parents or doctors exists. Moreover, less than 50% of student respondents believe that self-medication is safe. Conclusion: The role of pharmacists is urgently needed to pro- vide proper education related to drug information and self-medication to increase school-age students’ knowledge.

Keywords

Self-medication; school-age students; pharmacist; medication error; public health

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