Original Article

Diet behavior and consumption of iron inhibitors: Incidence anemia in adolescent girls

Erna Wati, Colti Sistiarani, Setiyowati Rahardjo
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 14, No 12 | a20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2593 | © 2024 Erna Wati, Colti Sistiarani, Setiyowati Rahardjo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 March 2024 | Published: 30 December 2023

About the author(s)

Erna Wati, Department of Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Indonesia
Colti Sistiarani, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Indonesia
Setiyowati Rahardjo, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Indonesia

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Abstract

One of the strategies to prevent adolescent girls anemia through efforts to identify the factors that cause anemia. Adolescent girls are are prospective mothers who must prepare physically, mentally, with good knowledge so that they do not experience anemia during pregnancy. The aim of the study was to analyze the risk factors for the inci‑dence of anemia in adolescent girls in Banyumas Regency, Indonesia. Quantitative approach used to identify factors that influence anemia in adolescent girls. Research variables are menstrual period, knowledge, diet attitudes and behavior, perception of body image, role of friends in prevention of anemia, role, exposure to information, consumption of iron, consumption of inhibitors and iron enhancers. The population of this research is young women aged 12‑19 years. The taking technique by simple random sampling was amount 100, Data analysis was univariate, bivariate (chi square) and multivariate (linear regression). The results showed that the prevalence of anemia was 20%. Based on the results of statistical tests, it was obtained a P‑value of 0.005 (<0.05) meaning that there was an influence on adolescent dietary behavior, the role of adolescents in preventing anemia and the consumption of iron inhibitors on the incidence of anemia. Anemia in young girls. There is an influence of eating behavior in female adolescents, the role of female adolescents in preventing anemia and consumption of iron inhibitors on the occurrence of anemia in female adolescents.

Keywords

diet, behaviour, inhibitor, teenage anemia

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