Original Research

Places Nigerians visited during COVID-19 government stay-home policy: evidence from secondary analysis of data collected during the lockdown

David I. Olatunji, Babasola O. Okusanya, Bassey Ebenso, Sophia I. Usuwa, David Akeju, Samuel Adejoh, Chinwe L. Ochu, Michael A. Onoja, James O. Okediran, Gloria O. Nwiyi, Disu Yahya, Sunday Eziechina, Ehimario Igumbor
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 14, No 3 | a222 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2244 | © 2024 David I. Olatunji, Babasola O. Okusanya, Bassey Ebenso, Sophia I. Usuwa, David Akeju, Samuel Adejoh, Chinwe L. Ochu, Michael A. Onoja, James O. Okediran, Gloria O. Nwiyi, Disu Yahya, Sunday Eziechina, Ehimario Igumbor | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 April 2024 | Published: 31 March 2023

About the author(s)

David I. Olatunji, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria
Babasola O. Okusanya, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria
Bassey Ebenso, Nuffield Centre for International Health & Development, University of Leeds, United Kingdom
Sophia I. Usuwa, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria
David Akeju, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lagos, Nigeria
Samuel Adejoh, Department of Social Work, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lagos, Nigeria
Chinwe L. Ochu, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria
Michael A. Onoja, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria
James O. Okediran, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria
Gloria O. Nwiyi, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria
Disu Yahya, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria
Sunday Eziechina, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria
Ehimario Igumbor, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria; and, School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, South Africa

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Abstract

Introduction: Compliance with the Government’s lockdown policy is required to curtail community transmission of Covid-19 infection. The objective of this research was to identify places Nigerians visited during the lockdown to help prepare for a response towards future infectious diseases of public health importance similar to Covid-19.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of unconventional data collected using Google Forms and online social media platforms during the COVID-19 lockdown between April and June 2020 in Nigeria. Two datasets from: i) partnership for evidence-based response to COVID-19 (PERC) wave-1 and ii) College of Medicine, University of Lagos perception of and compliance with physical distancing survey (PCSH) were used. Data on places that people visited during the lockdown were extracted and compared with the sociodemographic characteristics of the respondents. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all independent variables and focused on frequencies and percentages. Chi-squared test was used to determine the significance between sociodemographic variables and places visited during the lockdown. Statistical significance was determined by P<0.05. All statistical analyses were carried out using SPSS version 22.

Results: There were 1304 and 879 participants in the PERC wave-1 and PCSH datasets, respectively. The mean age of PERC wave-1 and PCSH survey respondents was 31.8 [standard deviation (SD)=8.5] and 33.1 (SD=8.3) years, respectively. In the PCSH survey, 55.9% and 44.1% of respondents lived in locations with partial and complete covid-19 lockdowns, respectively. Irrespective of the type of lockdown, the most common place visited during the lockdown was the market (shopping); reported by 73% of respondents in states with partial lockdown and by 68% of respondents in states with the complete lockdown. Visits to families and friends happened more in states with complete (16.1%) than in states with partial (8.4%) lockdowns.

Conclusions: Markets (shopping) were the main places visited during the lockdown compared to visiting friends/family, places of worship, gyms, and workplaces. It is important in the future for the Government to plan how citizens can safely access markets and get other household items during lockdowns for better adherence to stay-at-home directives for future infectious disease epidemics.


Keywords

COVID-19 stay-home policy; lockdown; COVID-19 mobility; physical distancing

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