Original Research

Prevalence of multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from selected residential sewages in Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria

Ayodele T. Adesoji, Jude P. Onuh, Ishaya P. Palang, Ahmad M. Liadi, Sule Musa
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 14, No 2 | a246 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2152 | © 2024 Ayodele T. Adesoji, Jude P. Onuh, Ishaya P. Palang, Ahmad M. Liadi, Sule Musa | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 April 2024 | Published: 28 February 2023

About the author(s)

Ayodele T. Adesoji, Department of Microbiology, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria
Jude P. Onuh, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, England, United Kingdom
Ishaya P. Palang, Department of Microbiology, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria
Ahmad M. Liadi, Department of Microbiology, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria
Sule Musa, Department of Microbiology, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria

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Abstract

The global surge in Multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria is an issue of great concern. Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been implicated in several nosocomial infections, where it has caused grave complications in immunocompromised patients. This is the first study to report the prevalence of MDR P. aeruginosa isolated from residential sewage in Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria. Pseudomonads count, isolation, biochemical characterization and antibiogram were carried out using standard microbiological procedures. This study examined sixty (60) samples from selected res- residential sewage in the study site collected at different intervals between July and September 2021. A total of 40 (66.7%) P. aeruginosa were isolated from the analyzed sewage samples. The high- est (2.84x104) pseudomonad count was recorded from sewage samples collected from Kadangaru. Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from this sample site showed the highest (100%) resistance to cephalosporins (cefuroxime) and nitrofurantoin. Similarly, isolates from Miami area also demonstrated the highest (95%) resistance to a cephalosporin (ceftazidime). All (100%) isolates used in this study showed MDR resistance to tested antibiotics. The occurrence of MDR P. aeruginosa from a residential sewage site that may con- taminate drinking water sources in the study area is of public health threat to the inhabitants. Surveillance and molecular epidemiology of antibiotics resistant bacteria are urgently needed in the study area.


Keywords

Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Residential sewage; Antibiotic resistance; Multidrug resistance

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