Original Research

Analysis of organizational culture factors that influence the performance of health care professionals: A literature review

Reem lafi Almutairi, Ronal Surya Aditya, Lailatul Kodriyah, Ah. Yusuf, Fitriana Kurniasari Solikhah, Daifallah M. Al Razeeni, Siti Kotijah
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 2 | a327 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2415 | © 2024 Reem lafi Almutairi, Ronal Surya Aditya, Lailatul Kodriyah, Ah. Yusuf, Fitriana Kurniasari Solikhah, Daifallah M. Al Razeeni, Siti Kotijah | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 April 2024 | Published: 07 December 2022

About the author(s)

Reem lafi Almutairi, Department of Public Health, College of Public Health and Informatics, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia
Ronal Surya Aditya, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
Lailatul Kodriyah, STIKes Kepanjen, Indonesia
Ah. Yusuf, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Fitriana Kurniasari Solikhah, Poltekkes Kemenkes Malang, Indonesia
Daifallah M. Al Razeeni, King Saud bin Abdullaziz University, Saudi Arabia
Siti Kotijah, Bina Sehat PPNI, Mojokerto, Indonesia


Hospitals in today’s healthcare system are under pressure to boost their competitiveness. A number of studies have shown the disconnect between corporate culture and the enhancement of healthcare professionals’ performance. While it is well accepted that an organization’s culture has a substantial impact on the performance of its health care professionals in clinical practice, the mechanisms by which culture might enhance health care professionals’ performance remain unclear. This paper draws on 22 literature reviews and database searches using keyword syntax from ScienceDirect, Pubmed, Google Scholar, and other relevant publications published between 2011 and 2021. Research in the field demonstrates that a company’s culture may influence the efficiency and effectiveness of its healthcare employees. This overarching issue was dissected into the following themes: nurse performance mediated by discipline; the existence of cultural groups; a central focus on health care professional management; and individual, organizational, and psychological aspects. The optimal performance of nurses and the outcomes of patient care are contingent on management in the health care business knowing the cultural factors that exist in the workplace.


organizational culture; healthcare professional performance; organizational factors; organizational management


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