Original Research

Chronic diseases of lifestyle risk factor profiles of a South African rural community

Mukadas O, Akindele, Ushotanefe Useh
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 12, No 1 | a331 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2021.1006 | © 2024 Mukadas O, Akindele, Ushotanefe Useh | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 April 2024 | Published: 18 June 2021

About the author(s)

Mukadas O, Akindele, Faculty of Health Sciences, North West University, Mafikeng Campus, South Africa
Ushotanefe Useh, Faculty of Health Sciences, North West University, Mafikeng Campus, South Africa

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Abstract

Globally, chronic diseases of lifestyle account for millions of dollars spent annually on health. These diseases share similar risk factors including: physical inactivity, obesity, cigarette smoking, and hypertension among others. This study sought to assess risk factors for chronic diseases of lifestyle of a rural community in South Africa. This study used a survey design with data randomly collected using the WHO STEPS Instrument for Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance from participants who attended routine checks from February to October 2018 from a trained healthcare practitioner. Informed consent was sought from all participants before the administration of the instrument. The research setting was the community Primary Health Center. About 54.0% of participants presented with no family history of hypertension but 19.7% had a family history of type II diabetes mellitus. More women were found to be hypertensive, with the majority (93.4%) monitoring their blood pressure. The study revealed that more men were current smokers. A large number of participants were engaged in a sedentary lifestyle with about one-third of the participants reported being obese. Physical inactivity, sedentary lifestyle, and hypertension were among the lifestyle-related risk factors for chronic diseases among residents of this rural community.

Keywords

lifestyle diseases; hypertension; tobacco smoking; diabetes; obesity

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Crossref Citations

1. Risk factors and chronic diseases (type 2 diabetes and arterial hypertension) in a population of Nador in North-East Morocco
Saliha Mharchi, Abdellatif Maamri, M. Arabi, H. Amhamdi, A. Didi, M. El Haji, M. El Jarroudi, M. El Malki, D. Kouotou, I. Lahmass
E3S Web of Conferences  vol: 364  first page: 02007  year: 2023  
doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/202336402007