Original Article

Prevalence and pattern of contraceptive uptake among adolescents in an internally displaced camp, North Central, Nigeria

Oluwatosin R. Ilori, Adenike Olugbenga-Bello, O. Goodman, Aishatu Babankudi, Rilwan Oladejo
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 14, No 12 | a34 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2383 | © 2024 Oluwatosin R. Ilori, Adenike Olugbenga-Bello, O. Goodman, Aishatu Babankudi, Rilwan Oladejo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 March 2024 | Published: 30 December 2023

About the author(s)

Oluwatosin R. Ilori, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Oyo State, Nigeria
Adenike Olugbenga-Bello, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Oyo State, Nigeria
O. Goodman, Department of Community Health and Primary Health care, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria
Aishatu Babankudi, Post-Graduate School Ladoke AkintolaUniversity of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Rilwan Oladejo, MurphGan Resources Analysis, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria

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Abstract

Background: Internally displaced Persons are marginally sidelined in many areas of life , reproductive health issues inclusive. There is a need to know the prevalence and pattern of contraceptive use among this vulnerable group of people. Objective: This study determined the prevalence and pattern of contraceptive uptake among internally displaced adolescents in North-Central Camp, Abuja, Nigeria. Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study, among 403 adolescents using semi-structured questionnaires. Results:The mean age of the respondents was 19.53±6.4 years and 21.34 ± 7.34 years at first birth. Awareness about FP was high, (483, 95.0%), however, only 169 (41.9%) ever used a family planning method, while 82(20.3%) were current users, 72 (42.6%) of the 169 ever users admitted to have used pills, while 44(53.7%) of the 82 current users were using condom only. One third, 160(39.7%), were pregnant, while 78(19.4%) of those pregnant were unintentional, therefore the unintended pregnancy rate was 19.4%.Bivariate analysis revealed that respondents’ use of contraceptive was significantly related to religion (<0.001), ethnic group (<0.001), marital status (<0.001), family type (<0.001), and educational attainment (<0.001). While respondents’ knowledge of contraceptive was significantly associated with age (P<0.00000001), educational level (P< 0.002), and ethnic group (P <0.001).Conclusion: The prevalence of contraceptive use among respondents was 20.3%, while 41.9% ever used a method. Pill was the major Family planning method ever used, while condom was mostly used by the current users.

Keywords

contraceptive; adolescents; IDP camp; uptake; prevalence; pattern

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