Original Research

Sex and age differences in the COVID-19 mortality in East Jakarta, Indonesia: Analysis of COVID-19 surveillance system

Sumiati Sumiati, Nur Aini, Tika Dwi Tama
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 2 | a354 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2420 | © 2024 Sumiati Sumiati, Nur Aini, Tika Dwi Tama | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 April 2024 | Published: 07 December 2022

About the author(s)

Sumiati Sumiati, Disease Prevention and Control Section, East Jakarta District Health Office, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
Nur Aini, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia
Tika Dwi Tama, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Jav; Centre of Gender and Health, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia


Demographic factors have been reported to worsen COVID-19 outcomes. However, there is limited evidence about the different effects of sex and age on COVID-19 death in East Jakarta, Indonesia. This study examined the association between sex and age with COVID-19 mortality. Using COVID- 19 surveillance data of East Jakarta from March 2020 to December 2021, we calculated COVID-19 mortality and examined the risk of COVID-19 death by sex and age. The risk of COVID-19 death associated with sex and age was examined by using Multiple Logistic Regression. A total of 202.412 cases were analyzed and 1.9% of them died. The elderly had a 41.88-folds increased risk of COVID-19 mortality than younger patients (<45 years) (aOR 41.88; 95% CI 37.49-46.77; p-value <0.0001). Male had a higher risk of COVID-19 death compared to female (aOR 1.27; 95% CI 1.19-1.35; pvalue <0.0001). Age and sex had a significant association with COVID-19 mortality. Adequate management of COVID-19 cases, particularly in the elderly and male patients, may reduce the severity of COVID-19 or even mortality.


age; Covid-19 mortality; East Jakarta; sex; surveillance


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