Original Research

Effect of glutamine, glucose unhidrate and Moringa oleifera on blood lymphocytes in white mice (Rattus Novergicus) Wistar strain, following induction of a protein energy-deficient diet

Septa Katmawanti, Moch Yunus, Ari Wibowo Kurniawan, Anita Sulistyorini, Rosuzeita Fauzi, Supriyadi Supriyadi, Dea Amanda Caressa, Dea Aflah Samah, Oktavia Sri Wahyuni, Aquila Ghafril Azizah
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 2 | a362 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2418 | © 2024 Septa Katmawanti, Moch Yunus, Ari Wibowo Kurniawan, Anita Sulistyorini, Rosuzeita Fauzi, Supriyadi Supriyadi, Dea Amanda Caressa, Dea Aflah Samah, Oktavia Sri Wahyuni, Aquila Ghafril Azizah | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 April 2024 | Published: 07 December 2022

About the author(s)

Septa Katmawanti, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sports and Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Moch Yunus, Department of Sports Coaching Education, Faculty of Sports and Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Ari Wibowo Kurniawan, Department of Physical Education, Health, and Recreation, Faculty of Sports and Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Anita Sulistyorini, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sports and Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Rosuzeita Fauzi, Centre for Nursing Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Selangor, Kampus Puncak Alam, Indonesia
Supriyadi Supriyadi, Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports and Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Dea Amanda Caressa, Program Study of Nutrition, STIKES Banyuwangi, Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia
Dea Aflah Samah, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sports and Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Oktavia Sri Wahyuni, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sports and Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Aquila Ghafril Azizah, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sports and Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia

Abstract

The aim of this research was studied the influence of giving Glutamine, Glucose Unhydrate and Moringa oleifera the blood lymphocyte of white rat (Rattus novergicus) Strain Wistar that was induced with protein energy malnutrtion (PEM). This was an experimental study with Completely Random Design, sample was white rats in PEM induced with parched rice for 15 days and those with normal diet with total 30 sample. The concluded is that there was a significant difference in the blood lymphocytes of white rats (Rattus novergicus) Strain Wistar gived glumorry with sig. (0.000) and glutamin + glucose unhydrate with sig. (0.001), while in the group gived Moringa oleifera there was no significant difference with sig. (0.076). Glumorry intervention has the highest level of significance by 19,2382 × 103/mm3 compared to all treatment groups. This suggests that the glumorry (Glucose Unhydrate, Glutamine, and Moringa oleifera) intervention successfully increased the lymphocyte count higher in the study sample with PEM condition compared to the group that was only given Glucose Unhidrat + Glutamine and the group that was only given Moringa Oleifera.


Keywords

glucose unhydrate; glutamine; lymphocyte; Moringa oleifera; protein; energy malnutrition

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