Original Research

Exploring parents’ knowledge and attitudes towards the influenza vaccine in a rural community of Saudi Arabia

Hanan I. Alomran, Abdullah S. Al-Dosary, Fahad M. AlGhamdi, Ziyad M. Alshahrani, Nawaf S. Altayar
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 1 | a372 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2207 | © 2024 Hanan I. Alomran, Abdullah S. Al-Dosary, Fahad M. AlGhamdi, Ziyad M. Alshahrani, Nawaf S. Altayar | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 April 2024 | Published: 24 May 2022

About the author(s)

Hanan I. Alomran, College of Medicine, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia
Abdullah S. Al-Dosary, College of Medicine, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia
Fahad M. AlGhamdi, College of Medicine, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia
Ziyad M. Alshahrani, College of Medicine, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia
Nawaf S. Altayar, College of Medicine, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia

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Abstract

Influenza is a highly transmissible respiratory virus. Public awareness about the nature of the disease and how to prevent it must be explored to effectively mitigate the adverse effects of the disease. This study aimed to assess the parents’ knowledge and attitudes towards the influenza and the influenza vaccine in Al-Kharj Governate, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was performed, and an electronic questionnaire was distributed from December 2020 to the end of April 2021 to parents living in Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected and analyzed using IBM SPSS version 21. The study had 510 participants, of which 75.1% were mothers. Overall knowledge about the influenza disease was found to be low in 68.6% of participants. In addition, 55.7% of respondents displayed an inadequate level of knowledge of the influenza vaccine. Almost 75% of parents had chosen not to vaccinate their children in the past and of those, only 35.9% were willing to vaccinate their child this year. The most common reason for parents choosing not to vaccinate their children was that they believed the child to be in good health. This demographic studied in Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia did not demonstrate sufficient knowledge about the influenza disease and vaccine. Study participants were hesitant to vaccinate their children. This should prompt healthcare workers and the Ministry of Health to lead a broad awareness campaign on influenza vaccination that extends to both urban and rural areas.

Keywords

awareness; children; influenza; parents; vaccination

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Crossref Citations

1. Determinants of influenza non-vaccination among Canadian children: insights from a nationwide survey
Abdallah Alami, Sailly Dave, Caren Uhlik, Marwa Ebrahim, Daniel Krewski, Julie Laroche
Frontiers in Public Health  vol: 12  year: 2024  
doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2024.1400782