Original Research

Oral health literacy in Malang City, Indonesia

Rara Warih Gayatri, Ema Novita Deniati, Roslan bin Saub
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 2 | a377 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081//jphia.2022.2414 | © 2024 Rara Warih Gayatri, Ema Novita Deniati, Roslan bin Saub | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 April 2024 | Published: 07 December 2022

About the author(s)

Rara Warih Gayatri, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Ema Novita Deniati, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Roslan bin Saub, Department of Community Oral Health and Clinical Prevention, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abstract

Dental and oral health are the main indicators of health, well-being, and quality of life. The concept of Oral Health Literacy (OHL) has become important because it regards individual capacity to understand and use dental information to transform into oral health behaviours. Thus, the aim of this study was to discover and describe the OHL status of adults in Malang City and its relationship with sociodemographic status so that it can be used as a basis for making policy. This study used observational analytical study design involving 450 respondents in Malang by quota random sampling method. The data was collected by the self-administered 29-item HeLD-ID (Health Literacy in Dentistry Indonesian Version) questionnaire. The study resulted that the overall HeLD-ID score was 3.68±0.69. The HeLDID score significant difference was affected by sex (p<0.05) and the other sociodemographic determinants (age, last education, and income) were not. However, there were significant differences of HeLD scores in communication domain (p<0.05) affected by age, sex, and income.</p


Keywords

oral health literacy; HeLD-29 items; sociodemographic status

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