Original Research

Personal characteristics, families, and community support associated with self-care behavior among Indonesian diabetic patients

Nurnaningsih Herya Ulfah, Septa Katmawanti, Andini Melati Sukma, Indana Tri Rahmawati, Pokkate Wongsasuluk, Lucky Radita Alma, Desy Ariwinanti
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 2 | a379 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2419 | © 2024 Nurnaningsih Herya Ulfah, Septa Katmawanti, Andini Melati Sukma, Indana Tri Rahmawati, Pokkate Wongsasuluk, Lucky Radita Alma, Desy Ariwinanti | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 April 2024 | Published: 07 December 2022

About the author(s)

Nurnaningsih Herya Ulfah, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Septa Katmawanti, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Andini Melati Sukma, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Indana Tri Rahmawati, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Pokkate Wongsasuluk, College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok; Health and Social Sciences and Addiction Research Unit, Bangkok, Indonesia
Lucky Radita Alma, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Desy Ariwinanti, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia

Abstract

Self-care management is the way to prevent the complication in diabetes. However, adherence to self-care management is low. This study aims to assess the association of personal characteristics, supports the system, including families and community, with the self-care behavior among diabetes patients. A cross-sectional study was used in this research. 158 participants were randomly selected based on the primary health care database in Malang City, Indonesia. There are eight parts of the questionnaire as the instruments in this study. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the association of all independent variables with self-care behavior as a dependent variable. This study showed that 60.80% of respondents had complications while the less practicing self-care behavior was 46.84%. Furthermore, the ordinal regression logistic showed that duration of DM (OR:4.347, 95%CI 1.671-11.310), illness perception (OR: 0.028, 95%CI 6.090- 51.346), family supports (OR: 3.295, 95%CI 1.325-8.192), and community supports (2.802, 95%CI 1.209-6.493) were associated with self-care behavior among diabetes Mellitus. This finding can support the primary health care to involved family and community around diabetes patients to success the self-care management.


Keywords

diabetes patients; self-care behavior; illness perception; families; community support

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