Original Article

Early detection and risk factors of congenital hip dislocation in Morocco

Adri Ilham, Touloun Oulaid, Boussaa Samia
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 14, No 11 | a42 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2589 | © 2024 Adri Ilham, Touloun Oulaid, Boussaa Samia | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 March 2024 | Published: 30 November 2023

About the author(s)

Adri Ilham, Université Sultan Moulay Slimane, Beni Mellal, Morocco
Touloun Oulaid, Université Sultan Moulay Slimane, Beni Mellal, Morocco
Boussaa Samia, Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques, Ministry of Health and Social Protection, Rabat, Morocco

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Congenital dislocation of the hip is a malformation of the lower limbs that could be complicated by a disabling physical handicap with long-term psychological and social repercussions if detected late. This study aims to describe the screening for congenital hip dislocation and to investigate the association between the occurrence of this anomaly and possible risk factors in Morocco. Methods: The study was based on the exploitation of the records of children treated at the trauma and orthopedics department of the Mohammed VI University Hospital in Marrakech, Morocco. It concerned 160 cases with a 5-year follow-up from January 2016 to March 2021. Results: The results of the study showed that 56.7% of the affected children had a bilateral dislocation and 25.8% of the cases had a left-sided dislocation. The malformation occurred more frequently in females 69.2%. A familial disposition to the malformation was found in about 22% of the cases. The diagnosis was late (at walking age) in 61% of children following the onset of lameness with or without pain in 91% of children. In 41.87% of the hips, the reduction was surgical, with 28% failure dominated by acetabular dysplasia in 11%. Conclusion: The risk factors for congenital hip dislocation identified in our setting were dominated by sex, primiparity, consanguineous marriage, and the presence of a family history of dislocation. Communication of risk factors specific to our setting to healthcare personnel will allow them to guide the diagnosis and increase vigilance in the at-risk population for management that prevents the development of complications.

Keywords

Congenital hip dislocation; screening; risk factors; management; Morocco

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