Original Research

Acceptability of the Kangaroo Mother Care at the University Hospital of Treichville in Côte d’Ivoire

Daouda Doukouré, Kadidiatou Raissa Kourouma, Marie Laurette Agbré Yacé, Lassina Cissé, Chantière Some Méazieu, Mathilde N'Guetta Manouan, Ester Annick Lasme, Syntyche Bayo, Sassor Odile Purifine Aké-Tano, Julie Sackou Kouakou, Virginie Konan Kouakou
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 3 | a431 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2165 | © 2024 Daouda Doukouré, Kadidiatou Raissa Kourouma, Marie Laurette Agbré Yacé, Lassina Cissé, Chantière Some Méazieu, Mathilde N'Guetta Manouan, Ester Annick Lasme, Syntyche Bayo, Sassor Odile Purifine Aké-Tano, Julie Sackou Kouakou, Virginie Konan Kouakou | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 April 2024 | Published: 07 September 2022

About the author(s)

Daouda Doukouré, Reproductive Health Research Unit, National Institute of Public Health, Côte d'Ivoire
Kadidiatou Raissa Kourouma, Reproductive Health Research Unit, National Institute of Public Health, Côte d'Ivoire
Marie Laurette Agbré Yacé, Reproductive Health Research Unit, National Institute of Public Health, Côte d'Ivoire
Lassina Cissé, Pediatric Ward, University Hospital of Treichville, Côte d'Ivoire
Chantière Some Méazieu, Pediatric Ward, University Hospital of Treichville, Côte d'Ivoire
Mathilde N'Guetta Manouan, Reproductive Health Research Unit, National Institute of Public Health, Côte d'Ivoire
Ester Annick Lasme, Reproductive Health Research Unit, National Institute of Public Health, Côte d'Ivoire
Syntyche Bayo, Reproductive Health Research Unit, National Institute of Public Health, Côte d'Ivoire
Sassor Odile Purifine Aké-Tano, Reproductive Health Research Unit, National Institute of Public Health, Côte d'Ivoire
Julie Sackou Kouakou, Reproductive Health Research Unit, National Institute of Public Health, Côte d'Ivoire
Virginie Konan Kouakou, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Côte d'Ivoire

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Abstract

Background. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is a low-tech, high-impact intervention for preterm and low-birth-weight newborns. In 2019, Côte d’Ivoire opened its first KMC unit. We wanted to determine KMC’s acceptability in Côte d’Ivoire after a year.

Methods.  This qualitative study used semi-structured interviews in September 2020 at the Teaching Hospital of Treichville’s first KMC unit. Mothers of preterm and low birth weight babies who received KMC were studied. Deductive (TFA-driven) framework analysis was performed. Coded using Nvivo 12.

Results. KMC was acceptable overall. Mothers knew KMC’s goal and benefits, including self-confidence and breastfeeding benefits. Most women reported that the method was easy to implement and were confident in implementing KMC at the unit or in the household, even though some of them found KMC not aligned with their cultural values. Some mothers, especially housewives and self-employed, highlighted the benefits of KMC, but they must have given up.

Conclusions. Our study highlighted the need to increase KMC awareness, advocacy, education, and training for pregnant women and the community to reduce preterm and low birth weight infant mortality and morbidity.


Keywords

health system; perinatal care; kangaroo mother care; low birth weight; acceptability

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