Original Research

COVID-19 in Cabo Verde: an assessment of the first six months of the pandemic in the country

Janilza Silveira Silva, Ngibo Mubeta Fernandes, Maria da Luz Lima Mendonça
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 3 | a448 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2127 | © 2024 Janilza Silveira Silva, Ngibo Mubeta Fernandes, Maria da Luz Lima Mendonça | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 April 2024 | Published: 07 September 2022

About the author(s)

Janilza Silveira Silva, National Institute of Public Health, Praia, Cape Verde
Ngibo Mubeta Fernandes, National Institute of Public Health, Praia, Cape Verde
Maria da Luz Lima Mendonça, National Institute of Public Health, Praia, Cape Verde

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Abstract

Background. COVID-19, or the new coronavirus, has spread globally since its emergence in December 2019, bringing enormous global health and socioeconomic challenges. Egypt confirmed the first case of COVID-19 in Africa on February 14, 2020, while Cabo Verde confirmed the first case on March 19, 2020. Contrary to forecasts that the virus would swiftly spread throughout Africa, which would soon become the infection’s epicenter, the evolution of the pandemic on the continent over the investigated time period has been slower than expected.

Objective. This study aims to comprehend the progression and consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic in Cabo Verde during its first six months of existence. After the first confirmed case of the new coronavirus, on March 19, 2020, the government of Cabo Verde closed its international borders. Consequently, a state of emergency was declared with stringent restrictions on the movement of persons and goods. Additionally, facilities for the isolation of sick individuals, including field hospitals, had been established. To aid the most vulnerable, public and private organisations had organized fundraising drives.

Results.  Despite the use of mitigation techniques, the pandemic in Cabo Verde has caused severe socioeconomic harm. It is crucial to preserve and strengthen active surveillance, infection control, and risk communication methods. Social protection policies and economic incentives have the potential to boost infection control strategies.


Keywords

COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; pandemic; Cabo Verde; Africa

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