COVID

Surveillance of COVID-19 in Cameroon: Implications for policymakers and the healthcare system

Bruno Bonnechère, Osman Sankoh, Sékou Samadoulougou, Jean Cyr Yombi, Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 12, No 2 | a463 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2021.1415 | © 2024 Bruno Bonnechère, Osman Sankoh, Sékou Samadoulougou, Jean Cyr Yombi, Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 April 2024 | Published: 31 December 2021

About the author(s)

Bruno Bonnechère, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural and Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Osman Sankoh, Statistics Sierra Leone, Freetown, Sierra Leone; Njala University, Njala, Sierra Leone; School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; 5Heidelberg Institute of Global Health, University of Heidelberg Medical School, Heidelberg, Germany
Sékou Samadoulougou, Evaluation Platform on Obesity Prevention, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute Research Center, Quebec City; Centre for Research on Planning and Development (CRAD), Laval University, Quebec, Canada
Jean Cyr Yombi, Department of Infectious diseases, cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, Institut de Recherches Exp rimentales et Cliniques (IREC), UCLouvain, Bruxelles, Belgium
Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou, Centre de Recherche en Epid miologie, Biostatistique et Recherche Clinique, Ecole de Sant  Publique, Universit  Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Bruxelles

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Abstract

At first less impacted than the rest of the world, African countries, including Cameroon, are also facing the spread of COVID-19. This study aimed to analyze the spread of the COVID-19 in Cameroon, one of the most affected countries in sub- Saharan Africa. We used the data from the Africa Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, reporting the number of confirmed cases and deaths, and analyzed the regularity of tests and confirmed cases and compared those numbers with neighboring countries. We tested different phenomenological models to model the early phase of the outbreak. Since the first reported cases on the 7th of March, 18,662 people have been diagnosed with COVID-19 as of the 24th of August, 186,243 tests have been performed, and 408 deaths have been recorded. New cases have been recorded only in 50% of the days since the first reported cases. There are considerable disparities in the reporting of daily cases, making it difficult to interpret these numbers and to model the evolution of the pandemic with the phenomenological models. Currently, following the finding from this study, it is challenging to predict the evolution of the pandemic and to make comparisons between countries as screening measures are so sparse. Monitoring should be performed regularly to provide a more accurate estimate of the situation and allocate healthcare resources more efficiently.

Keywords

COVID-19; surveillance; monitoring; modeling

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