Brief Report

Analysis of COVID-19 mortality in patients with comorbidities in Côte d’Ivoire

Rui Usui, Shogo Kanamori, Maki Aomori, Setsuko Watabe
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 3 | a472 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.1748 | © 2024 Rui Usui, Shogo Kanamori, Maki Aomori, Setsuko Watabe | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 April 2024 | Published: 07 September 2022

About the author(s)

Rui Usui, Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan; Department of Critical and Invasive-Palliative Care Nursing, Graduate School of Health Care Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Shogo Kanamori, Department of Community and Global Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Maki Aomori, Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
Setsuko Watabe, Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

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Abstract

Background: Although COVID-19 has spread in Côte d’Ivoire, there is no report that summarizes the comorbidities of COVID-19 death cases.

Objective: To verify the types and prevalence of commodities associated with recorded COVID-19 deaths compared with the general adult population in Côte d’Ivoire. Methods: Data on the comorbidities of COVID-19 deaths and the country’s disease structure were collected from official government reports and WHO’s reports.

Results: Among 67 patients studied, the biggest age group was 60- 69 years old with 23 people (34%). Fifty-four patients (81%) had non-communicable diseases (NCDs) as comorbidities. The prevalence ratio between COVID-19 deaths and general adult population was 8.96 [95% Confidence Interval: 6.86-11.68] for diabetes, 1.74 [1.27-2.37] for hypertension, and 2.16 [1.32-3.51] for obesity.

Conclusions: To reduce the risk of death from COVID-19 in Côte d’Ivoire, focused infection prevention measures for elderly and diabetic patients are needed.


Keywords

COVID-19 comorbidity; Non-communicable diseases; Côte d’Ivoire

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