Original Research

Prevalence and predictor stunting, wasting and underweight in Timor Leste children under five years: An analysis of DHS data in 2016

Rifzul Maulina, Mochammad B. Qomaruddin, Ardhiles W. Kurniawan, Anggelina Fernandes, Erni Astuti
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 2 | a475 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2116 | © 2024 Rifzul Maulina, Mochammad B. Qomaruddin, Ardhiles W. Kurniawan, Anggelina Fernandes, Erni Astuti | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 April 2024 | Published: 26 July 2022

About the author(s)

Rifzul Maulina, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia; and, Department of Midwifery, Institute Technology, Sains and Health Dr. Soepraoen Hospital, Malang, Indonesia
Mochammad B. Qomaruddin, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
Ardhiles W. Kurniawan, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia; and, Department of Nursing, Institute Technology, Sains and Health Dr. Soepraoen Hospital, Malang, Indonesia
Anggelina Fernandes, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
Erni Astuti, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

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Abstract

Stunting, wasting, and being underweight are indicators of malnutrition in a country. The high status reflects the poor nutritional and health status of children under five. We analyzed data from the Demographic and Health Survey conducted in Timor Leste from 2009 to 2016 to identify the prevalence and predictor stunting, wasting, and underweight. The variables analyzed were the mother’s education, mother’s age, mother BMI, mother’s height, number of ANC visits, birth weight, sex of a child, sex of head household, type of residence, wealth index, toilet facility, source of drinking water and province. The sample in this study was 3,723 toddlers. Prevalence of stunting (44.4%), underweight (37.5%) and wasting (25.3%). In the bivariate analysis, the variables statistically significantly associated with stunting, underweight, and wasting was mother’s education, sex of a child, type of residence, wealth index, and province. Improving the nutritional status of children in Timor Leste requires various nutrition and health interventions.


Keywords

Prevalence; predictor stunting; underweight; wasting; DHS in Timor Leste

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