Original Research

National action plan on antimicrobial resistance: An evaluation of implementation in the World Health Organization Africa region

Walter L. Fuller, Omotayo T. Hamzat, Aaron O. Aboderin, Laetitia Gahimbare, Otridah Kapona, Ali A. Yahaya, Watipaso Kasambara, Jean-Baptiste Nikiema, Didier W. Ilboudo, Mirfin M. Mpundu
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 13, No 2 | a485 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2022.2000 | © 2024 Walter L. Fuller, Omotayo T. Hamzat, Aaron O. Aboderin, Laetitia Gahimbare, Otridah Kapona, Ali A. Yahaya, Watipaso Kasambara, Jean-Baptiste Nikiema, Didier W. Ilboudo, Mirfin M. Mpundu | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 April 2024 | Published: 26 July 2022

About the author(s)

Walter L. Fuller, World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Congo
Omotayo T. Hamzat, Universal Health Coverage/Life Course Cluster, World Health Organization, Abuja, Nigeria
Aaron O. Aboderin, Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Laetitia Gahimbare, World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Congo
Otridah Kapona, Zambia National Public Health Institute, Lusaka, Zambia
Ali A. Yahaya, World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Congo
Watipaso Kasambara, Public Health Institute, Lilongwe, Malawi
Jean-Baptiste Nikiema, World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Congo
Didier W. Ilboudo, World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Congo
Mirfin M. Mpundu, ReAct Africa, Lusaka, Zambia

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Abstract

In line with global instruments, within the last five years, two-thirds of all countries in the WHO Africa Region (WHO AFR) have developed a National Action Plan (NAP) on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR). We sought to evaluate progress made across the countries implementing NAP for effective response to AMR. A semi-structured survey tool was administered to obtain information from national focal persons on the implementation of strategic elements of NAP on AMR. This was followed by a Lessons Learnt Workshop in June 2019 at Douala, Cameroon, where focal persons made presentations on the country’s progress. Later, a desktop review of the LLW report and other key documents was conducted. Countries in WHO AFR that have set up a national surveillance system and are enrolled into the WHO global antimicrobial resistance surveillance system have progressively increased to 30 (of 47 countries), of which 15 are already submitting surveillance data. Of the 20 countries at the Lessons Learnt Workshop, 14 have infection prevention and control (IPC) policies and functional healthcare facility IPC programs, 15 participate in the commemoration of the annual world hand hygiene days. Although almost all countries surveyed have national standard treatment guidelines, only five have incorporated the WHO AWaRe classification into the national essential medicines list. Fourteen of 20 countries have established an active/functional national secretariat/coordinating center for AMR. Discernible progress is being made on the implementation of NAP in WHO AFR region. Gaps identified in the strategic elements of action plans need to be filled for effective AMR control.


Keywords

Antimicrobial-resistance; WHO- AFRO; AMR-action-plan; workshop

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