Original Article

Socioeconomic factors associated with anemia among children aged 6-59 months in Namibia

Panduleni P. Shimanda, Hans J. Amukugo, Fredrik Norström
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 11, No 1 | a542 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2020.1131 | © 2024 Panduleni P. Shimanda, Hans J. Amukugo, Fredrik Norström | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 23 April 2024 | Published: 29 April 2020

About the author(s)

Panduleni P. Shimanda, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Clara Barton School of Nursing, Welwitchia Health Training Centre, Windhoek, Namibia
Hans J. Amukugo, School of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
Fredrik Norström, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

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Anemia remains a public health concern, and its prevalence varies between countries as well as between age, sex and levels of poverty. This study aims at examining the association between socio-demographic factors and anemia among children aged 6–59 months in Namibia. Data was extracted from the 2013 Namibian Demographic Health Survey. The association between anemia and other factors was examined with logistic regression. Results are reported in odds ratio (OR), with 95% confidence intervals (CI). In total, 1,383 children aged 6–59 months had complete data and included in the analyses. Our study shows that there is a statistically significantly increased risk of anemia among children from poorer households compared with the richest quintile. Also, there was a statistically significance supporting anemia being more common among boys than girls. There was also a statistically significant negative effect related to age. Our study shows that young children, boys and children in poorer households have an increased risk of anemia. Considering the adverse impact of anemia on child development, policies must prioritize factors exacerbating anemia risk.



Anaemia; children aged 6–59 months; DHS; Namibia; sub-Saharan Africa


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