Original Article

Genotypic resistance testing improves antiretroviral treatment outcomes in a cohort of adolescents in Cameroon: Implications in the dolutegravir‑era

Willy L.R.T. Pabo, Debimeh Njume, Roland N. Ndip, Desiré Takou, Maria-Mercedes Santoro, Collins Chenwi, Grace Beloumou, Ezechiel N.J. Semengue, Alex D. Nka, Aude C. Ka'e, Georges Teto, Beatrice Dambaya, Sandrine Djupsa, Raymond B. Nyasa, Davy H.G. Anguechia, Cedric Kamta, Lionel Bala, Virginie Lambo, Samuel M. Sosso, Vittorio Colizzi, Carlo F. Perno, Joseph Fokam, Alexis Ndjolo
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 14, No 10 | a76 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2612 | © 2024 Willy L.R.T. Pabo, Debimeh Njume, Roland N. Ndip, Desiré Takou, Maria-Mercedes Santoro, Collins Chenwi, Grace Beloumou, Ezechiel N.J. Semengue, Alex D. Nka, Aude C. Ka'e, Georges Teto, Beatrice Dambaya, Sandrine Djupsa, Raymond B. Nyasa, Davy H.G. Anguechia, Cedric Kamta, Lionel Bala, Virginie Lambo, Samuel M. Sosso, Vittorio Colizzi, Carlo F. Perno, Joseph Fokam, Alexis Ndjolo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 March 2024 | Published: 30 October 2023

About the author(s)

Willy L.R.T. Pabo, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé; and, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Yaoundé; and, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea; Cameroon
Debimeh Njume, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé; and, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Yaoundé; and, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Roland N. Ndip, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Desiré Takou, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Maria-Mercedes Santoro, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
Collins Chenwi, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé; Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Grace Beloumou, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Ezechiel N.J. Semengue, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé; Evangelic University of Cameroon, Bandjoun, Cameroon
Alex D. Nka, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé; Evangelic University of Cameroon, Bandjoun, Cameroon
Aude C. Ka'e, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé
Georges Teto, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Beatrice Dambaya, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Sandrine Djupsa, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Raymond B. Nyasa, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Davy H.G. Anguechia, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé; Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Cedric Kamta, Mfou District Hospital, Mfou, Cameroon
Lionel Bala, Mbalmayo District Hospital, Mbalmayo, Cameroon
Virginie Lambo, Nkomo Integrated Health Center, Nkomo, Cameroon
Samuel M. Sosso, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and mManagement, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Vittorio Colizzi, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé; Evangelic University of Cameroon, Bandjoun, Cameroon
Carlo F. Perno, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé, Cameroon; University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome; Bambino Gesu Pediatric Hospital, Rome, Cameroon
Joseph Fokam, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé; Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Yaoundé; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, Buea; National HIV Drug Resistance Group, Ministry of Public Health, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Alexis Ndjolo, Chantal BIYA International Reference Centre for Research on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Management, Yaoundé; Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Yaoundé, Cameroon

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Abstract

Poor internet infrastructure limits the use of computer-based nursing process forms in rural areas. This study aimed to configure a computer‑based nursing process form to support nursing diagnosis and care evaluation in rural healthcare clinics in Africa. This study utilized a methodological design. The design process utilized a three-stage procedure involving planning, configuration, and testing. Seven faculty members volunteered to participate in the laboratory verification process. Each simulation session lasted 45 min and span from patient admission to exit. The experts independently scored the software functionality dichotomously as Not Suitable (score 0) and Suitable (score 1) for nursing practice. The agreement between the faculty volunteers was 0.857. The configuration of a readily available Microsoft Access computer application to support nursing diagnosis without internet service is possible. Health facilities in rural areas without internet connectivity should resort to such local configurations to maximize the benefits of electronic‑based documentation.

Keywords

computer; diagnosis; internet; nursing; rural

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