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Sero-prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen amongst pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic, Volta region, Ghana

Arnold Luuse, Sylvester Dassah, Sylvester Lokpo, Louise Ameke, Mark Noagbe, Peter Adatara, Oheneba Hagan, Fred Binka
  • Arnold Luuse
    Department of Medical Laboratory Science, School of Allied Health Sciences, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana | taluuse@uhas.edu.gh
  • Sylvester Dassah
    Navrongo Health Research Centre, Navrongo, Upper East, Ghana
  • Sylvester Lokpo
    Ho Municipal Hospital, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana
  • Louise Ameke
    Ho Municipal Hospital, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana
  • Mark Noagbe
    Ho Municipal Hospital, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana
  • Peter Adatara
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana
  • Oheneba Hagan
    Department of Medical Biochemistry, School of Medical Science University of Cape Coast, Ghana
  • Fred Binka
    University of Health and Allied Science, School of Public Health, Hohoe, Ghana

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a global challenge, although there is currently a safe and effective vaccine available. HBV prevalence in Ghana is not well documented, but vary regionally from 4.8% to 12.3% in the general population, 10.8% to 12.7% in blood donors and about 10.6% in pregnant women. This puts Ghana among the high endemic countries in Africa. The study objective was to determine the sero-prevalence of HBs antigen (Ag) and HBeAg among pregnant women in the Ho municipality. Two hundred and eight participants (pregnant women), attending Ho Municipal antenatal clinic were enrolled into the study. This study recorded a HBsAg seroprevalence rate of 2.4% among the pregnant women, with primigravida pregnant women recording (0.98%) and multigravida (1.42%). The prevalence of HBsAg among the pregnant women can be classified as Low Intermediate; therefore there is still the need for routine screening of pregnant women during antenatal visits. Amongst HBsAg positives, HBeAg positivity was significantly high (40% of all HBsAg positive women), which suggests high chances of carrier and vertical transmission (mother to child) state.

Keywords

Sero-prevalence; Surface antigen; Pregnant women; Antenatal

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Submitted: 2016-07-31 13:09:58
Published: 2017-01-19 09:31:25
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Copyright (c) 2016 Arnold Luuse, Sylvester Dassah, Sylvester Lokpo, Louise Ameke, Mark Noagbe, Peter Adatara, Oheneba Hagan, Fred Binka

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