Oral epidemiological profile of patients attending public oral health services in Haut Sassandra region, in Côte d’Ivoire

  • Guanga David Meless | ead_dm@yahoo.fr Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Jean-Claude Guinan Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Abou Dramane Sangaré Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Koffi Syvain N’Guessan Department of prothesis, UFROS, UFHB, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Koffi Lazare Kouakou Daloa Regional Hospital Center, Haut Sassandra Region, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Viviane Da-Danho Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Atta Sebastien Datté Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • N’Zébo Marcellin Nouaman Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Asse Marie Anita Amangoua Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Mamadou Samba Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Ramata Bakayoko-Ly Department of Public Health, UFROS, FHB University, Abidjan; Laboratory of Public Health, Cariology and Medicinal Plants, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

Abstract

The objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine the type of care that can be achieved and the epidemiological profile of patients attending the 3 public dental practices in the Haut-Sassandra region, in Côte d’Ivoire. The data collection concerned socio-demographic characteristics, reason for consultation, oral hygiene, dental condition, malocclusions and the availability of equipment for the performance of procedures. The 400 patients observed (51.5% male) were aged 16.0 to 86.0 years (mean=35.5 years; SD=13.1 years). The main reasons for consultation were pain (91.5%) and aesthetics (23.5%). Oral hygiene was insufficient for 36.8% of subjects. Oral conditions were malocclusions (12.8%), caries (98.7%) and edentulous (65.7%) with only 11.8% with prosthesis. The average DMFT index was 9.3. Only extractions and resin attached prostheses were possible in all 3 health facilities. Preventive dentistry (sealent, fluoridation), dentofacial orthopedics and implantology were not available in any dental practice. The most frequently performed acts were extractions (74.5%). The results of this study highlight the need for oral health planning with service equipment and awareness among populations who shouldn’t wait until they are in pain to consult.

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Published
2020-03-20
Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
Oral health services, dental caries, DMFT index, West Africa, Côte d'Ivoire
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How to Cite
Meless, G., Guinan, J.-C., Sangaré, A. D., N’Guessan, K., Kouakou, K. L., Da-Danho, V., Datté, A., Nouaman, N., Amangoua, A., Samba, M., & Bakayoko-Ly, R. (2020). Oral epidemiological profile of patients attending public oral health services in Haut Sassandra region, in Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2019.1064