Original Research

The effect of peppermint oil addition on the physical stability, irritability, and penetration of nanostructured lipid carrier coenzyme Q10

Tristiana Erawati, Rizki A. Arifiani, Andang Miatmoko, Dewi M. Hariyadi, Noorma Rosita, Tutiek Purwanti
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 14, S 1 : 4th Joint Conference of UNAIR-USM, International Conference of Pharmacy and Health Sciences ICPHS| a119 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2515 | © 2024 Tristiana Erawati, Rizki A. Arifiani, Andang Miatmoko, Dewi M. Hariyadi, Noorma Rosita, Tutiek Purwanti | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 April 2024 | Published: 30 March 2023

About the author(s)

Tristiana Erawati, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia; and, Cosmetics Research Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Rizki A. Arifiani, Bachelor of Pharmacy Study Program, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Andang Miatmoko, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia; and, Cosmetics Research Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya; Stem Cell Research and Development Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Dewi M. Hariyadi, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia; and, Cosmetics Research Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Noorma Rosita, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia; and, Cosmetics Research Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Tutiek Purwanti, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia; and, Cosmetics Research Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Coenzyme Q10 is formulated into Nanostructured Lipid Carrier (NLC) added with peppermint oil (PO) 0% (F1), 1% (F2), 1.5% (F3) and 2% (F4) to increase its penetration. Objective: This study aims to determine the effect of PO addition on the irritability, stability, and penetration of Coenzyme Q10 in the NLC. Methods: Coenzyme Q10 NLC was prepared using the High Shear Homogenization method. Furthermore, physical characterization was carried out. Physical stability testing was carried out for 90 days at a temperature of 25±5oC and an RH of 60±10%. The in vivo irritation test was observed for mice’s back skin after 24 hours while the penetration study was further evaluated at 2 hours of the sample application. Results: Increasing the PO amount into Coenzyme Q10 NLC reduced the viscosity which was 329.1±15.5 cps for PO 0% to 219.9±2.9 cps for 2% addition. The observation of particle morphology showed that all NLC Coenzyme Q10 has a spherical particle shape with particle size between 188.25±13.22 to 197.80±14.19 nm. All formulas had high entrapment efficiency (>80%). PO addition did not cause changes in physical characteristics during 90 days of storage. The 24 hours’ irritation test showed that F2 and F3 are non-irritating. By PO addition skin penetration improved at 2 hours’ penetration study. Conclusion: PO addition up to 2% reduced viscosity, but did not affect particle size and morphology of Coenzyme Q10 NLC. Addition of PO up to 1.5% increased entrapment efficiency, did not irritate and increased the penetration of Coenzyme Q10 NLC.

Keywords

Coenzyme Q10; Nanostructured lipid carrier; Peppermint oil; Irritability; Stability; Skin penetration

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