Original Research

The sodium does not affect joint pain and functional activity of knee osteoarthritis patients

Anisyah Achmad, Suharjono Suharjono, Joewono Soeroso, Budi Suprapti, Siswandono Siswandono, Liza Pristianty, Mahardian Rahmadi, Jusak Nugraha, Cahyo W. Nugroho, Yoki Surya, Satria P.P. Isma, Erreza Rahadiansyah, Thomas Erwin C.J. Huwae, Bagus P.P. Suryana
Journal of Public Health in Africa | Vol 14, S 1 : 4th Joint Conference of UNAIR-USM, International Conference of Pharmacy and Health Sciences ICPHS| a85 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphia.2023.2494 | © 2024 Anisyah Achmad, Suharjono Suharjono, Joewono Soeroso, Budi Suprapti, Siswandono Siswandono, Liza Pristianty, Mahardian Rahmadi, Jusak Nugraha, Cahyo W. Nugroho, Yoki Surya, Satria P.P. Isma, Erreza Rahadiansyah, Thomas Erwin C.J. Huwae, Bagus P.P. Suryana | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 April 2024 | Published: 30 March 2023

About the author(s)

Anisyah Achmad, Departement of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia; and, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Suharjono Suharjono, Departement of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Joewono Soeroso, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Budi Suprapti, Departement of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Siswandono Siswandono, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Liza Pristianty, Departement of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Mahardian Rahmadi, Departement of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Jusak Nugraha, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Pathology, Universitas Airlangga and dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia
Cahyo W. Nugroho, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Yoki Surya, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Brawijaya Army Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia
Satria P.P. Isma, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya and Aisyiyah Islamic Hospital, Malang, Indonesia
Erreza Rahadiansyah, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Thomas Erwin C.J. Huwae, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, and Saiful Anwar Hospital, Indonesia
Bagus P.P. Suryana, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, and Saiful Anwar Hospital, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: The sodium may aggravate synovial inflammation and cartilage thinning. This incidence can cause joint pain and reduce functional activity. Not many people know the effect of sodium on the incidence of OA. Objective: This study aims to determine the relationship between sodium in the body and knee joint pain which results in functional activity. Methods: The quantitative descriptive study used accidental sampling. The study was conducted at three outpatient polyclinic orthopedics of hospitals and was approved by the Health Ethics Committee. All data were collected during the interview. The Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ) and the Nutrisurvey Indonesia 2007 application were used as a tool to collect daily sodium intake (mg). Knee joint pain score was measured using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) while functional body activity was measured using the Western Ontario McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). The Pearson and Spearman test (p<0.05) were used as a correlation test. Results: 80 subjects were according to the inclusion criteria. Characteristics of the subjects were pre-elderly (32, 40%), women (74, 92.5%), BMI≥ 30 kg/m2 (54, 67.5%) and occupation (43, 53.75%). Average sodium intake = 2090.78 ± 1084.33 mg, VAS score = 6.28 ± 1.95 and WOMAC score = 32.65 ± 14.88. The correlation sodium, VAS, and WOMAC were not significant (p=0.196, p=0.372). Conclusions: Increased sodium intake is not associated with knee joint pain and functional body activity.

Keywords

knee; osteoarthritis; pain; sodium

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